Louis Vauxcelles  

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Louis Vauxcelles (1870-1943) was an influential French art critic. To him are attributed the terms Fauvism (1905), and Cubism (1908). Vauxcelles coined the phrase 'les fauves' (translated as 'wild beasts') to describe a circle of painters associated with Matisse as well as the audiences who criticised them (he couldn't decide which were more arrogant).

He first used the term cubism or bizarre cubiques in 1908 after seeing a picture by Braque. He described it as 'full of little cubes', after which the term quickly gained wide use although the two creators of the new style, Braque and Picasso, did not initially adopt it.

In 1911 he coined the less well-known term Tubism in describing the style of Fernand Léger.

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