Los disparates  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Los Disparates (The Follies), also known as Proverbios (Proverbs) or Sueños (Dreams) is a series of prints in aquatint and etching, with retouching in drypoint and burin, created by Spanish painter and printmaker Francisco Goya between 1815 and 1823. Goya created the series while he lived in his house near Manzanares (Quinta del Sordo) on the walls of which he painted the famous Black Paintings. When he left to France and moved in Bordeaux in 1824, he left these works in Madrid apparently incomplete. During Goya's lifetime, the series was not published because of the oppressive political climate and of the Inquisition. The Disparates series was first published by the Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando in 1864 under the title Proverbios (Proverbs). In this edition, the titles given to the works are Spanish proverbs. On proofs of many plates there are titles handwritten by Goya, which include the word Disparate (Folly). The series is an enigmatic album of 22 prints (in the first place 18 - 4 works were added later) which is the last major series of prints by Goya, which the artist created during the last years of his life. The scenes of the Disparates, which are difficult to explain, include dark, dream-like scenes that scholars have related to political issues, traditional proverbs and the Spanish carnival.

The works of the series [a 1]

  • Νο. 1: Disparate femenino (Feminine folly), 24,3 x 35,3 cm. (Platemark)/ 33,6 x 50,3 cm. (Sheet)
  • Νο. 2: Disparate de miedo (Fearful folly), 24,4 x 35,3 cm. (Platemark)/ 33,7 x 50,2 cm. (Sheet)
  • Νο. 3: Disparate ridiculo (Ridiculous folly), 24,5 x 35,3 cm. (Platemark)/ 33,7 x 50,3 cm. (Sheet)
  • Νο. 4: Bobalicón (Simpleton's folly), 24,3 x 35,2 εκ. (Platemark)/ 33,7 x 50,2 cm. (Sheet)
  • Νο. 5: Disparate volante (Flying folly), 24,4 x 35,2 cm. (Platemark)/ 33,7 x 50,2 cm. (Sheet)
  • Νο. 6: Disparate cruel (Furious folly), 24,3 x 35,1 cm. (Platemark)/ 33,6 x 50,2 cm. (Sheet)
  • Νο. 7: Disparate desordenado (Matrimonial folly)[1], 24,4 x 35,2 cm. (Platemark)/ 33,7 x 50,2 cm. (Sheet)
  • Νο. 8: Los ensacados (Folly in sacks), 24,4 x 35,1 cm. (Platemark)/ 33,7 x 50,2 cm. (Sheet)
  • Νο. 9: Disparate general (General folly), 24,1 x 35,1 cm.(Platemark)/ 33,7 x 50,2 cm. (Sheet)
  • Νο. 10: El caballo raptor (Kidnapping horse)[2], 24,4 x 35,3 cm.(Platemark)/ 33,7 x 50,2 cm. (v)
  • Νο. 11: Disparate pobre (Poor folly), 24,4 x 35,2 cm.(Platemark)/ 33,7 x 50,2 cm. (Sheet)
  • Νο. 12: Disparate alegre (Merry folly), 24,3 x 35,2 cm.(Platemark)/ 33,7 x 50,2 cm. (Sheet)
  • Νο. 13: Modo de volar (A way of flying), 24,4 x 35,3 cm. (Platemark)/ 33,7 x 50,2 cm. (Sheet)
  • Νο. 14: Disparate de carnaval (Carnaval folly), 24,2 x 35,2 cm. (Platemark)/ 33,7 x 50,2 cm. (Sheet)
  • Νο. 15: Disparate claro (Clear folly), 24,3 x 35,2 cm. (Platemark)/ 33,7 x 50,2 cm. (Sheet)
  • Νο. 16: Las exhortaciones (Clear folly), 24,4 x 35,3 cm. (εικόνα)/ 33,7 x 50,2 cm. (Sheet)
  • Νο. 17: La lealtad (Loyalty), 24,4 x 35,1 cm. (Platemark)/ 33,7 x 50,2 cm. (Sheet)
  • Νο. 18: Disparate fúnebre (Funereal folly), 24,3 x 35,2 cm. (Platemark)/ 33,7 x 50,3 cm. (Sheet)

The 4 works which were added later

  • Disparate de tontos, 24,3 x 35,5 cm. (Platemark)/ 30,6 x 44,5 cm. (χαρτί)
  • Disparate de bestia, 24,3 x 35,5 cm. (Platemark)/ 30 x 42,8 cm. (Sheet)
  • Disparate conocido, 24,2 x 35,6 cm. (Platemark)/ 30,1 x 44,1 cm. (Sheet)
  • Disparate puntual, 24,6 x 35,6 cm. (Platemark)/ 30,2 x 43,8 cm. (Sheet)




Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Los disparates" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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