Logical Investigations (Husserl)  

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“I speak, e.g., of my inkpot, and my inkpot also stands before me: I see it.” --Husserl in Logical Investigations

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Logical Investigations (Logische Untersuchungen) is a work of philosophy by Edmund Husserl, published in two volumes in 1900 and 1901, with a second edition in 1913 and 1921. An English translation by J. N. Findlay was published in 1970. Logical Investigations, which resulted from a shift in Husserl's interests from mathematics to logic and epistemology, helped to create phenomenology, and has been credited with making twentieth century continental philosophy possible. Husserl maintains that mathematical laws are not empirical laws that describe the workings of the mind, but ideal laws whose necessity is intuited a priori. Though Husserl abandoned psychologism, the doctrine according to which logical entities such as propositions, universals, and numbers can be reduced to mental states or activities, in Logical Investigations, some commentators have seen a revival of psychologism in its second volume.

Criticism

The first edition of Logical Investigations has been criticized by Robert Sokolowksi for sharply distinguishing between things as they appear and the thing in itself, a view similar to that of Immanuel Kant. Sokolowksi notes that between 1900 and 1910, Husserl abandoned the Kantian distinctions made in Logical Investigations.

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