Collage novel  

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

A collage novel is a form of experimental literature. Images or text clippings are selected from other publications and collaged together following a theme or narrative (not necessarily linear).

The dadaist and surrealist Max Ernst (1891-1976) is generally credited as the inventor of the collage novel, although his work was preceded by the British 1911 work What a Life! by Edward Verrall Lucas and George Morrow .

Max Ernst published the collage novels Les Malheurs des immortels (1922, text by Paul Éluard), La Femme 100 Têtes (1929), Rêve d'une petite fille... (1930) and Une semaine de bonté (1933-1934).

Recent examples include the 1970 novel A Humument[1] by Tom Phillips and Graham Rawle's 2005 Woman's World.

Mashup novel

A mash-up novel (also called "mashup" or "mashed-up novel"), is a non-canonical (and not even in-universe) work of fiction (often parody) which combines a pre-existing literature text, often a classic work of fiction, with another genre, usually horror genre, into a single narrative.

An example is Pride and Prejudice and Zombies (2009).

Mashup novels constitute derivative works since they include major elements borrowed from an original, previously created work. Most authors of such novels, however, avoid potential legal issues (and the payment of royalties to the original writers) by basing their books on texts that are in the public domain. One notable exception is The Late Gatsby, which combines F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby with a vampire narrative – since the original text is still protected by the Copyright Term Extension Act (until 2020) in the United States, the book was published outside the U.S. and remains unavailable to its residents.

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Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Collage novel" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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