List of banned books  

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The Index Librorum Prohibitorum ("List of Prohibited Books") is a list of publications which the Catholic Church censored for being a danger to itself and the faith of its members. The various editions also contain the rules of the Church relating to the reading, selling and censorship of books. The aim of the list was to prevent the reading of immoral books or works containing theological errors and to prevent the corruption of the faithful.
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The Index Librorum Prohibitorum ("List of Prohibited Books") is a list of publications which the Catholic Church censored for being a danger to itself and the faith of its members. The various editions also contain the rules of the Church relating to the reading, selling and censorship of books. The aim of the list was to prevent the reading of immoral books or works containing theological errors and to prevent the corruption of the faithful.

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
Lists of banned books

Banned books are books to which free access is not permitted. The practice of banning books is a form of censorship, and often has political, religious or moral motivations.

Bans on books can be enacted at the national or subnational level, and can carry legal penalties for their infraction. Books may also be challenged at a local, community level. As a result, books can be removed from schools or libraries, although these bans do not extend outside of that area. Similarly, religions may issue lists of banned books – a historical example being the Roman Catholic Church's Index Librorum Prohibitorum – which do not always carry legal force.

Contents

List of Banned Books


A

Title Author Type of Literature Reason
The Age of Reason Thomas Paine Philosophical Treatise Banned in UK for blasphemy in the 18th Century
All Quiet on the Western Front Erich Maria Remarque Anti-war Novel Banned in Nazi Germany for demoralizing and insulting the Wehrmacht.
The Anarchist Cookbook William Powell (author) Guide Book Banned outside of the US because of security reasons. Sale of the book is prohibited to any one under 21 in some areas.
Animal Farm George Orwell Political Novella Publication delayed in UK because of anti-Stalin theme. Confiscated in Germany by Allied troops. Banned in Malaysia for religious reasons.
Adventures of Huckleberry Finn Mark Twain Novel Banned in some US schools for use of racial slurs.

B

| Biko || Donald Woods || Biography || Banned in South Africa for its criticism of the apartheid system and white government. |- | Black Beauty || Anna Sewell || Novel || Was banned in South Africa because of the use of the word 'black' in the title.<ref>library.dixie.edu</ref> |-

| Beautiful Retard|| Matthew Hansen || Novel || Banned in some US states because of its offensive title. |-

| The Blue Lotus || Hergé || Graphic Novel || Banned in China for its pro Kuomintang view and support. |- | The Book of One Thousand and One Nights || || Collection || Banned in many primarily Muslim countries.

C

  • Candide || Voltaire || Novel || Seized by US Customs in 1930 for obscenity.
  • Catcher in the Rye || J.D. Salinger || Novel || Banned throughout US public schools and libraries for sexual situations, immorality and other themes of impropriety

D

Title Author Type of Literature Reason
Doctor Zhivago Boris Pasternak Novel Published in Italy in 1957 it was banned within the USSR until 1988 for its criticism of the Bolshevik Party.

E

Title Author Type of Literature Reason
Eve's Diary Mark Twain Novel Published in London and New York in 1906 it was banned in a library in Charlton, Massachusetts for its illustrations of an unclothed Eve.

F

Title Author Type of Literature Reason
For Whom the Bell Tolls Ernest Hemingway Novel Banned in Spain during Francisco Franco's rule for its pro-Republican views.

H

Title Author Type of Literature Reason
The Housekeepers Diary Wendy Berry Memoir Not published in Britain due to its violation of confidentiality agreements signed by the author.

I

Title Author Type of Literature Reason
ISLAM - A Concept of Political World Invasion by Muslims RV Bhasin Political Novel Banned by the Govt. of Maharashtra, India, in view that the book antagonizes Islamists. The author currently (2007) has sought the Court's intervention in this matter.

J

Title Author Type of Literature Reason
Journal of Current Pictorial Chinese Alliance Manhua Banned by China's Qing government for spreading anti-Qing propaganda.

K

Title Author Type of Literature Reason
The King Never Smiles Paul M. Handley Biography Banned in Thailand for its criticism of King Bhumibol Adulyadej<ref>Warrick-Alexander, James (February 06, 2006). Thailand Bars Univ. Website. Yale Daily News.</ref>
The Kingdom of God Is Within You Leo Tolstoy Religious Treatise Banned in Czarist Russia for its Christian anarchist content.

L

Title Author Type of Literature Reason
Lady Chatterley's Lover D. H. Lawrence Novel Temporarily banned in the United States and UK for violation of obscenity laws. Banned in Australia.
A Light in the Attic Shel Silverstein Poetry Collection Banned from libraries for encouraging children to misbehave.
Lolita Vladimir Nabokov Novel Banned in Iran and Saudi Arabia for its content of pedophilia.
The Lorax Dr. Seuss Children's Book Banned in parts of the US for being an allegorical political commentary.

M

Title Author Type of Literature Reason
The Malay Dilemma Mahathir bin Mohamad Political ideology Banned in Malaysia for its criticism of UMNO and the May 13th Incident.
The Manchurian Candidate Richard Condon Political Novel Banned in Communist states for political reason. Condemned by the American Legion.
Mein Kampf Adolf Hitler Political ideology Possession and sale for historical reasons is legal in Germany, Austria and the Netherlands. Only reproduction is forbidden due to copyrights (held by Bavarian state).
Mephisto Klaus Mann Political Novel / Satire In 1968, Gustaf Gründgens' adopted son Peter Gorski sued Nymphenburger Verlagsbuchhandlung, then the publisher of Mephisto in West Germany. The Federal Constitutional Court of Germany ruled that Gründgens' personal freedom (Article 2 of the Basic Law) was more important than the freedom of art (Article 5).
The Mountain Wreath Petar II Petrović Njegoš Drama in verse Banned in Bosnia schools by Carlos Westendorp<ref>New World Order's Inquisition in Bosnia</ref>.

N

Title Author Type of Literature Reason
Nineteen Eighty-Four George Orwell Sci-Fi Novel Banned in the USSR for political reasons. Accused of anti-semitism. Challenged in Florida for pro communist and sexual theme.

O

Title Author Type of Literature Reason
One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn Novel Banned in the USSR for political reasons. Author was sent into exile.
Of Mice and Men John Steinbeck Novel Banned by some schools and libraries in the United states for promoting "euthanasia" and use of profanity from May 1983 to May 1984, and also in 1993 and 1994.

P

Title Author Type of Literature Reason
The Peaceful Pill Handbook Philip Nitschke and Fiona Stewart Instructional manual on euthanasia Banned in Australia for political reasons.

Q

Title Author Type of Literature Reason
Quotations from Chairman Mao Zedong Mao Zedong Collection Banned in South Vietnam and anti-Communist nations in Asia.

R

Title Author Type of Literature Reason
Rights of Man Thomas Paine Poltical Banned in the UK and Author charged with treason for supporting the French Revolution.<ref>http://onlinebooks.library.upenn.edu/banned-books.html</ref>. Banned in Czarist Russia after the Decembrist revolt.

S

Title Author Type of Literature Reason
The Satanic Verses Salman Rushdie Novel Banned in India and Muslim nations for blasphemy. Book stores refuse to sell it out of fear. Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini issued a fatwa calling for the death of Rushdie.
Speak Laurie Halse Anderson Novel Banned in many middle schools and high schools because of the rape of the protagonist, Melinda Sordino and some mention of self-harm.

T

Title Author Type of Literature Reason
The Turner Diaries William Luther Pierce Novel Book stores and libraries refuse to distribute it because of its racist theme. <ref>[www.adl.org/learn/ext_us/Turner_Diaries.asp Extremism in America]</ref> Banned in Germany for its Nazi ideolgy theme and Pierce leadership in the American Nazi Party. Blamed for a number of hate crimes inspired by the novel including the Oklahoma City bombing. <ref>'Turner Diaries' introduced in McVeigh trial</ref>
The Tropic of Cancer Henry Miller Novel (fictionalized memoir) Banned in the US in the 1930's and partially through the 80's, seized by US customs for sexually explicit content and vulgarity. The rest of Miller's work was also banned by the United States.<ref>http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/4489463/</ref>

U

Title Author Type of Literature Reason
Ulysses James Joyce Novel Challenged and temporarily banned in the US for its sexual content. Ban overturned in United States v. One Book Called Ulysses.
Uncle Tom's Cabin Harriet Beecher Stowe Novel Banned in the Southern States and Czarist Russia. Challenged by the NAACP for its racist portrayal of African Americans and the use of the word "Nigger". <ref>Stowe Debate</ref>
Understanding Islam through Hadis Ram Swarup Philosophical Treatise Banned in India under 153A and 295A of the Indian Penal Code.

W

Title Author Type of Literature Reason
We Yevgeny Zamyatin Sci-Fi Novel Banned in the USSR for political reasons.
The Wealth of Nations Adam Smith Economic Treatise Banned in the UK and France for criticizing Mercantilism. Banned in communist nations for its capitalist content.<ref>An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations</ref>
The Well of Loneliness Radclyffe Hall Novel Banned in the UK in 1928 for its lesbian theme, republished in 1949.
Winds of Change Reza Pahlavi Political Science Banned in Iran for political reasons.

Z

Title Author Type of Literature Reason
Zweites Buch Adolf Hitler Transcript Possession and sale is illegal in Germany and Austria because of Nazi content. <ref>Anti-Nazi Laws</ref>




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