List of French monarchs  

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Les Poires, as sold separately to cover the expenses of a trial of Le Charivari
Les Poires, as sold separately to cover the expenses of a trial of Le Charivari

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

The monarchs of France ruled, first as kings and later as emperors (the Bonapartes only), from the Middle Ages to 1870. There is some disagreement as to when France came into existence. The earliest possible date would be the establishment of the Merovingian Frankish kingdom by Clovis I in 486 with the defeat of Syagrius, the last Roman official in Gaul. That kingdom's rulers were deposed in the 8th century. The Treaty of Verdun established the Kingdom of Western Francia in 843.

In light of these trends, this list begins with Charles the Bald and the Kingdom of Western Francia, originating in 843, the state which would directly evolve into modern France. For earlier Frankish monarchs, see List of Frankish Kings.

In addition to the monarchs listed below, the Kings of England and Great Britain from 1340–1360 and 1369–1801 also claimed the title of King of France. For a short time, this had some basis in fact — under the terms of the 1420 Treaty of Troyes, Charles VI had recognized his son-in-law Henry V of England as regent and heir. Henry V predeceased Charles VI and so Henry V's son, Henry VI, succeeded his grandfather Charles VI as King of France. Most of Northern France was under English control until 1435, but by 1453, the English had been expelled from all of France save Calais (and the Channel Islands), and Calais itself fell in 1558. Nevertheless, English and then British monarchs continued to claim the title for themselves until the creation of the United Kingdom in 1801. Various English kings between 1337 and 1422 had also claimed the title of King of France, but only intermittently.

The title "King of the Franks" (Template:Lang-la) remained in use until the reign of Philip IV. During the brief period when the French Constitution of 1791 was in effect (1791–1792) and after the July Revolution in 1830, the style "King of the French" was used instead of "King of France (and Navarre)". It was a constitutional innovation known as popular monarchy which linked the monarch's title to the people, not to the territory of France.

|group1 = Carolingians
(843–888, 898–922, 936–987) |list1 = Pepin (751–768)Template:*Carloman I (768–771)Template:* Charlemagne (768–814)Template:*Louis I (814–840)Template:*Charles I (843–877)Template:*Louis II (877–879)Template:*Louis III (879–882)Template:*Carloman II (879–884)Template:*Charles II (885–888)Template:*Charles III (898–922)Template:*Louis IV (936–954)Template:*Lothair (954–986)Template:*Louis V (986–987)

|group2 = Robertians
(888–898, 922–923) |list2 = Odo of Paris (888–898)Template:*Robert I (922–923)

|group3 = Bosonids
(923–936) |list3 = Rudolph (923–936)

|group4 = House of Capet
(987–1328) |list4 = Hugh (987–996)Template:*Robert II (996–1031)Template:*Henry I (1031–1060)Template:*Philip I (1060–1108)Template:*Louis VI (1108–1137)Template:*Louis VII (1137–1180)Template:*Philip II (1180–1223)Template:*Louis VIII (1223–1226)Template:*Louis IX (1226–1270)Template:*Philip III (1270–1285)Template:*Philip IV (1285–1314)Template:*Louis X (1314–1316)Template:*John I (1316)Template:*Philip V (1316–1322)Template:*Charles IV (1322–1328)

|group5=House of Valois
(1328–1498) |list5=Philip VI (1328–1350)Template:*John II (1350–1364)Template:*Charles V (1364–1380)Template:*Charles VI (1380–1422)Template:*Charles VII (1422–1461)Template:*Louis XI (1461–1483)Template:*Charles VIII (1483–1498)

|group6=House of Lancaster
(1422–1453) |list6=Henry VI of England (1422–1453) (disputed)

|group7=House of Valois-Orléans
(1498–1515) |list7=Louis XII (1498–1515)

|group8=House of Valois-Angoulême
(1515–1589) |list8=Francis I (1515–1547)Template:*Henry II (1547–1559)Template:*Francis II (1559–1560)Template:*Charles IX (1560–1574)Template:*Henry III (1574–1589)

|group9=House of Bourbon
(1589–1792) |list9=Henry IV (1589–1610)Template:*Louis XIII (1610–1643)Template:*Louis XIV (1643–1715)Template:*Louis XV (1715–1774)Template:*Louis XVI (1774–1792)Template:*Louis XVII (claimant, 1792–1795)

|group10=House of Bonaparte
First Empire (1804–1814, 1815) |list10=Napoleon I (1804–1814, 1815)Template:*Napoleon II (1815)

|group11=House of Bourbon
Bourbon Restoration (1814, 1815–1830) |list11=Louis XVIII (1814–1815, 1815–1824)Template:*Charles X (1824–1830)Template:*Louis XIX (1830) (disputed)Template:*Henry V (1830) (disputed)

|group12=House of Orléans
July Monarchy (1830–1848) |list12=Louis Philippe I (1830–1848)

|group13=House of Bonaparte
Second Empire (1852–1870) |list13=Napoleon III (1852–1870)}}

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