List of Francisco Goya's tapestry cartoons  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

This is a list of Francisco Goya's 63 large tapestry cartoons (Spanish: cartones para tapices) painted on commission for Charles III of Spain and later Charles IV of Spain between 1775 and 1791 to hang in the San Lorenzo de El Escorial and El Pardo palaces. The word cartoon is derived from the Italian cartone, which describes a large sheet of paper used in preparation for a later painting or tapestry. Goya's were executed on canvas which was then woven into wool tapestry to a large mural scale. While many of the large finished works are today in the Prado Museum, the original sketches were sold as works in their own right.

Mostly popularist in a rococo style, they were completed early in his career, when he was largely unknown and actively seeking commissions. In 1774, he was asked, on behalf of the Spanish crown, by the German artist Anton Raphael Mengs, to undertake the series. While designing tapestries was neither prestigious nor well paid, Goya used them, along with his early engravings, to bring himself to wider attention. They afforded his first contact with the Spanish monarchy that was to eventually appoint him court painter.

By 1776, aged 29, he had completed five tapestries, by the Real Fábrica de Tapices de Santa Bárbara, the royal tapestry manufactory. His brother-in-law Francisco Bayeu was made director of the tapestry works in 1777, which greatly advanced the ambitious artist's career prospects. However, Goya was beset by illness during the period, and his condition was used against him by the contemporary art scene, which looked jealously upon any artist seen to be rising in stature. Some of the larger cartoons, such as The Wedding, were more than 8 by 10 feet, and had proved a drain on his physical strength. Ever resourceful, Goya turned this misfortune around, claiming that his illness had allowed him the insight to produce works that were more personal and informal. However, he found the format limiting, because being inherently matte, tapestry was unable to capture complex colour shift or texture, and was unsuited to the impasto and glazing techniques he was by then applying to his painted works.

Dating the series has not been difficult as the Royal Tapestry Works maintained a detailed record of the dates, titles, sizes and states in which each of the cartoons arrived. Goya's letters to his friends (in particular his correspondence with the Aragonese industrialist Martín Zapater) contain additional details.

List

First series (1775)[edit]

Tapestry Spanish title Date Dimensions Museum La caza del jabalí.jpg La caza del jabalí[15] 1775 249 × 173 cm Palacio Real (Madrid) Perros y útiles de caza.jpg Perros y útiles de caza[16] 1775 112 × 174 cm Museo del Prado (Madrid) Caza con reclamo.jpg Caza con reclamo[17] 1775 112 × 179 cm Museo del Prado Partida de caza.jpg Partida de caza[18] 1775 290 × 226 cm Museo del Prado Cazador cargando su escopeta.jpg Cazador cargando su escopeta[19] 1775 289 × 90 cm Museo del Prado El cazador con sus perros.jpg El cazador con sus perros[20] 1775 262 × 71 cm Museo del Prado El pescador de caña.jpg El pescador de caña[21] 1775 290 × 226 cm Museo del Prado Second series (1776–1778)[edit]

Tapestry Spanish title Date Dimensions Museum La merienda a orilla del Manzanares.jpg La merienda a orillas del Manzanares[22] 1776 271 × 295 cm Museo del Prado El baile de San Antonio de la Florida.jpg El baile de San Antonio de la Florida[23] 1776–1777 275 × 298 cm Museo del Prado El bebedor.jpg El bebedor[24] 1777 107 × 151 cm Museo del Prado El quitasol.jpg El quitasol (The Parasol)[25] 1777 104 × 152 cm Museo del Prado Paseo por Andalucia.jpg La maja y los embozados[26] 1777 275 × 190 cm Museo del Prado La riña en la Venta Nueva.jpg La riña en la Venta Nueva[27] 1777 275 × 414 cm Museo del Prado Jugadores de naipes.jpg Jugadores de naipes[28] 1777–1778 270 × 167 cm Museo del Prado La Cometa.jpg La cometa[29] 1778 269 × 285 cm Museo del Prado Muchachos cogiendo fruta.jpg Muchachos cogiendo fruta[30] 1778 119 × 122 cm Museo del Prado Niños inflando una vejiga.jpg Niños inflando una vejiga[31] 1778 116 × 124 cm Museo del Prado Third series (1778–1779)[edit]

Tapestry Spanish title Date Dimensions Museum El ciego de la guitarra.jpg El ciego de la guitarra[32] 1778–1779 260 × 311 cm Museo del Prado El cacharrero.jpg El cacharrero[33] 1778–1779 259 × 220 cm Museo del Prado La acerolera.jpg La acerolera[34] 1778–1779 259 × 100 cm Museo del Prado La feria de Madrid.jpg La feria de Madrid[35] 1778–1779 258 × 218 cm Museo del Prado El militar y la señora.jpg El militar y la señora[36] 1778–1779 259 × 100 cm Museo del Prado Muchachos jugando a soldados.jpg Muchachos jugando a soldados 1779[37] 146 × 94 cm Museo del Prado El niño del árbol.jpg El niño del árbol[38][39] 1779–1780 262 × 40 cm Museo del Prado El muchacho del pájaro.jpg El muchacho del pájaro[39][40] 1779–1780 262 × 40 cm Museo del Prado Majo de la guitarra.jpg El majo de la guitarra[39][41] 1779 137 × 112 cm Museo del Prado Fourth series (1779–1780)[edit]

Tapestry Spanish title Date Dimensions Museum El columpio.jpg El columpio[39][42] 1779 260 × 165 cm Museo del Prado El juego de la pelota a pala.jpg El juego de la pelota a pala[39][43] 1779 261 × 470 cm Museo del Prado El médico.jpg El médico[44] 1779 95.8 × 120.2 cm National Gallery of Scotland El balancín.jpg El balancín[45] 1780 95.8 × 120.2 cm Museo de Bellas Artes San Pío V (Valencia) Niños del carretón.jpg Niños del carretón[46] 1778 30 × 43 cm Toledo Museum of Art (Ohio) La cita.jpg La cita[47] 1779–1780 100 × 151 cm Museo del Prado El resguardo de tabacos.jpg El resguardo de tabacos[48] 1779–1780 262 × 137 cm Museo del Prado Las lavanderas.jpg Las lavanderas[49] 1779–1780 218 × 166 cm Museo del Prado Los leñadores.jpg Los leñadores[50] 1780 141 × 114 cm Museo del Prado La Novillada.jpg La novillada[51] 1780 259 × 136 cm Museo del Prado Fifth series (1786–1787)[edit]

Tapestry Spanish title Date Dimensions Museum Niños con mastines.jpg Niños con mastines[52] 1786–1787 112 × 145 cm Museo del Prado El niño del carnero.jpg Niño montando un carnero[53] 1786–1787 127.2 × 112.1 cm Art Institute of Chicago (Illinois) Las floreras.jpg Las floreras[54] 1786–1787 277 × 192 cm Museo del Prado La nevada.jpg La nevada[55] 1786–1787 275 × 293 cm Museo del Prado El albañil herido.jpg El albañil herido[56] 1786–1787 268 × 110 cm Museo del Prado Los pobres en la fuente.jpg Los pobres en la fuente[57] 1786–1787 277 × 115 cm Museo del Prado Riña de gatos.jpg Riña de gatos[58] 1786–1787 56 × 193 cm Museo del Prado La vendimia.jpg La vendimia[59] 1786–1787 275 × 190 cm Museo del Prado La marica en un árbol.jpg La marica en un árbol[60] 1786–1787 279 × 28 cm Museo del Prado La era.jpg La era[61] 1786–1787 276 × 641 cm Museo del Prado Cazador junto a una fuente.jpg Cazador junto a una fuente[62] 1786–1788 130 × 131 cm Museo del Prado Pastor tocando la dulzaina.jpg Pastor tocando la dulzaina[63] 1786–1788 130 × 134 cm Museo del Prado Sixth series (1787–1788)[edit]

Tapestry Spanish title Date Dimensions Museum La pradera de San Isidro de Goya.jpg La pradera de San Isidro[64] 1788 44 × 94 cm Museo del Prado La ermita de San Isidro el día de la fiesta.jpg La ermita de San Isidro el día de la fiesta[65] 1788 42 × 44 cm Museo del Prado La Gallina Ciega.jpg La gallina ciega (Blind man's bluff)[66] 1788–1789 269 × 350 cm Museo del Prado Merienda campestre.jpg Merienda campestre[67] 1786 41.3 × 25.8 cm National Gallery of London Gato acosado.jpg Gato acosado[68] 1786 42 × 15.5 cm Colección particular (Madrid) Seventh series (1791–1792)[edit]

Tapestry Spanish title Date Dimensions Museum Mujeres conversando.jpg Mujeres conversando[69] 1791–1792 59 × 145 cm Wadsworth Atheneum (Hartford) Las gigantillas.jpg Las gigantillas[70] 1791–1792 137 × 104 cm Museo del Prado Los zancos.jpg Los zancos[71] 1791–1792 137 × 104 cm Museo del Prado La Boda.jpg La boda[72] 1791–1792 268 × 320 cm Museo del Prado Las mozas del cántaro.jpg Las mozas del cántaro[73] 1791–1792 262 × 160 cm Museo del Prado Muchachos trepando a un árbol.jpg Muchachos trepando a un árbol[74] 1791–1792 141 × 111 cm Museo del Prado El pelele.jpg El pelele[75] 1791–1792 267 × 160 cm Museo del Prado Sketches[edit]

Tapestry Spanish title Date Dimensions Museum Niños jugando a soldados (boceto).jpg Niños jugando a soldados[76] 1775 39 × 28 cm Colección Yanduri (Sevilla) El ciego de la guitarra (boceto).gif El ciego de la guitarra[77] 1778 - Biblioteca Nacional (Madrid) Las lavanderas (boceto).jpg Las lavanderas[78] 1779 86.5 × 59 cm Winterthur Collection (Winterthur) Las floreras (boceto).jpg La primavera[79] 1786–1787 35 × 24 cm Colección de Montellano (Madrid) La trilla.jpg La trilla[80] 1786–1787 34 × 76 cm Museo Lázaro Galdiano (Madrid) La vendimia (boceto).jpg El otoño[81] 1786–1787 34.4 × 24.3 cm Sterling and Francine Clark Art Institute (Williamstown, Massachusetts) La nevada (boceto).jpg El invierno[82] 1786–1787 34.3 × 36.6 cm Art Institute of Chicago (Chicago) El albañil borracho.jpg El albañil borracho[83] 1786 35 × 15 cm Museo del Prado Mujer y dos niños junto a una fuente.jpg Mujer y dos niños junto a una fuente[84] 1786–1787 18.5 × 3.5 cm Thyssen-Bornemisza Museum (Madrid) Boceto para La gallina ciega.jpg La gallina ciega[85] 1788–1789 18.5 × 3.5 cm Museo del Prado Mozas del cántaro (boceto).jpg Mozas del cántaro[86] 1791 34 × 21 cm Colección Paloma McCrohon (Madrid) El pelele (boceto).jpg El pelele[87] 1791 35.6 × 23.2 cm Armand Hammer Museum of Art (Los Angeles) See also[edit]

See also




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