Le surréalisme en 1947  

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Le Surréalisme en 1947 was an exhibition by André Breton and Marcel Duchamp at the Galerie Maeght in Paris.

When Breton and Duchamp opened the exhibition after the war, Breton referred to the Exposition Internationale du Surréalisme of 1938. He remarked that, on the one hand, the exhibition was supposed to represent the surrealist intention, which was situated on the boundary between poetry and reality, while, on the other hand, it was also supposed to manifest the spirit of 1938.

According to Breton's biographer, Volker Zotz, the exhibition of 1947 did not, however, have the same effect as its Parisian forerunner in 1938 and was criticised for being too exclusive. He described post-war Surrealism as an "esoteric circle", while many pieces which had their origin in its roots had achieved world-wide recognition.

Duchamp's biographer, Calvin Tomkins, described the exhibition as "the movement's last hurrah". He remarked that the post-war era had found different outlets, namely existentialism in Europe and abstract expressionism in the United States.

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