Latin American literature  

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"What really put Latin American literature on the global map was no doubt the literary boom of the 1960s and 1970s, distinguished by daring and experimental novels such as Julio Cortázar's Rayuela (1963) that were frequently published in Spain and quickly translated into English. The Boom's defining novel was Gabriel García Márquez's One Hundred Years of Solitude (1967), which led to the association of Latin American literature with magic realism. In the wake of the Boom, influential precursors such asJorge Luis Borges were also rediscovered."--Sholem Stein

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

Latin American literature rose to particular prominence during the second half of the 20th century, largely thanks to the international success of the style known as magical realism. As such, the region's literature is often associated solely with this style (and its most famous exponent, Gabriel García Márquez). This largely obscures a rich and complex tradition of literary production that dates back many centuries.

Prominent writers

Arguably the most eminent Latin American author of any century is the Argentine Jorge Luis Borges. According to literary critic Harold Bloom In The Western Canon, "Of all Latin American authors in this century, he is the most universal... If you read Borges frequently and closely, you become something of a Borgesian, because to read him is to activate an awareness of literature in which he has gone farther than anybody else." Perhaps the most important novel to emerge out of Latin America in the 20th century is Gabriel Garcia Marquez's Cien Anos de Soledad; Borges opined that it was "the Don Quixote of Latin America." Among the greatest poets of the 20th century is Pablo Neruda; according to Gabriel Garcia Marquez, Neruda "is the greatest poet of the 20th century, in any language." Prominent Latin American writers:

  • Octavio Paz (Mexico) Awards: Nobel Prize, Cervantes Prize, National Prize (Mexico), Neustadt Prize, Doctor Honoris Causa (Harvard)
  • Carlos Fuentes (Mexico) Awards: Cervantes Prize, Alfonso Reyes Prize, Doctor Honoris Causa (Cambridge, Harvard)
  • Sergio Pitol (Mexico) Awards: Cervantes Prize, National Prize (Mexico), Juan Rulfo Prize
  • Alejo Carpentier (Cuba) Awards: Cervantes Prize, Alfonso Reyes Prize, Doctor Honoris Causa (La Habana, Cordoba)
  • Guillermo Cabrera Infante (Cuba) Awards: Cervantes Prize
  • Dulce María Loynaz (Cuba) Awards: Cervantes Prize, National Prize (Cuba)
  • Jorge Luis Borges (Argentina) Awards: Cervantes Prize, Alfonso Reyes Prize, Jerusalem Prize, Doctor Honoris Causa (Oxford, Columbia)
  • Ernesto Sabato (Argentina) Awards: Cervantes Prize, Jerusalem Prize
  • Julio Cortázar (Argentina) Awards: Medicis Prize, Premio Konex
  • Pablo Neruda (Chile) Awards: Nobel Prize, National Prize (Chile), Doctor Honoris Causa (Oxford)
  • Gabriel García Márquez (Colombia) Awards: Nobel Prize, Romulo Gallegos Prize, Neustadt Prize, Doctor Honoris Causa (Columbia)
  • Alvaro Mutis (Colombia) Awards: Cervantes Prize, Neustadt Prize
  • Miguel Ángel Asturias (Guatemala) Awards: Nobel Prize
  • Mario Vargas Llosa (Peru) Awards: Cervantes Prize, Romulo Gallegos Prize, Jerusalem Prize, Doctor Honoris Causa (Sorbonne, Oxford, Harvard, Genova, Yale)
  • Carlos Drummond de Andrade (Brasil) Awards: Neustadt Prize (Candidate)
  • João Cabral de Melo Neto (Brasil) Awards: Neustadt Prize, Camoes Prize

See also



Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Latin American literature" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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