From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Knowledge is defined (Oxford English Dictionary) variously as (i) expertise, and skills acquired by a person through experience or education; the theoretical or practical understanding of a subject, (ii) what is known in a particular field or in total; facts and information or (iii) awareness or familiarity gained by experience of a fact or situation. Philosophical debates in general start with Plato's formulation of knowledge as "justified true belief". There is however no single agreed definition of knowledge presently, nor any prospect of one, and there remain numerous competing theories.
Knowledge acquisition involves complex cognitive processes: perception, learning, communication, association and reasoning. The term knowledge is also used to mean the confident understanding of a subject with the ability to use it for a specific purpose if appropriate.
- Outline of knowledge - guide to the subject of knowledge presented as a tree structured list of its subtopics.
- a priori and a posteriori
- Analytic-synthetic distinction
- Descriptive knowledge
- Epistemic logic
- Explicit knowledge
- Figurative system of human knowledge
- Intuition (as an unconscious form of knowledge)
- Knowledge representation
- Knowledge retrieval
- Philosophical skepticism
- Procedural knowledge
- Sociology of knowledge
- Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge
- Tacit knowledge