Kirk Douglas  

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Kirk Douglas (born Issur Danielovitch; December 9, 1916 – February 5, 2020) was an American actor, producer, director, philanthropist and author best-known for his part in Spartacus (1960) and his cleft chin.

Overview

After an impoverished childhood with immigrant parents and six sisters, he made his film debut in The Strange Love of Martha Ivers (1946) with Barbara Stanwyck. Douglas soon developed into a leading box-office star throughout the 1950s, known for serious dramas, including westerns and war films. During his career, he appeared in more than 90 films. Douglas was known for his explosive acting style, which he displayed as a criminal defense attorney in Town Without Pity (1961).

Douglas became an international star through positive reception for his leading role as an unscrupulous boxing hero in Champion (1949), which brought him his first nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actor. His other early films include Young Man with a Horn (1950), playing opposite Lauren Bacall and Doris Day, Ace in the Hole opposite Jan Sterling (1951), and Detective Story (1951), for which he received a Golden Globe nomination as Best Actor in a Drama. He received a second Oscar nomination for his dramatic role in The Bad and the Beautiful (1952), opposite Lana Turner, and his third nomination for portraying Vincent van Gogh in Lust for Life (1956), which landed him a second Golden Globe nomination.

In 1955, he established Bryna Productions, which began producing films as varied as Paths of Glory (1957) and Spartacus (1960). In those two films, he collaborated with the then-relatively-unknown director Stanley Kubrick, taking lead roles in both films. Douglas has been praised for helping to break the Hollywood blacklist by having Dalton Trumbo write Spartacus with an official on-screen credit. He produced and starred in Lonely Are the Brave (1962), considered a classic, and Seven Days in May (1964), opposite Burt Lancaster, with whom he made seven films. In 1963, he starred in the Broadway play One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, a story that he purchased and later gave to his son Michael Douglas, who turned it into an Oscar-winning film.

As an actor and philanthropist, Douglas received three Academy Award nominations, an Oscar for Lifetime Achievement, and the Presidential Medal of Freedom. As an author, he wrote ten novels and memoirs. He is No. 17 on the American Film Institute's list of the greatest male screen legends of classic Hollywood cinema, the highest-ranked living person on the list until his death. After barely surviving a helicopter crash in 1991 and then suffering a stroke in 1996, he focused on renewing his spiritual and religious life. He lived with his second wife (of Template:Age years), Anne Buydens, a producer, until his death on February 5, 2020, at age 103. A centenarian, he was one of the last surviving stars of the film industry's Golden Age.

Filmography

Year Title Role Notes
1946 The Strange Love of Martha Ivers Walter O'Neil
1947 Out of the Past Whit Sterling
Mourning Becomes Electra Peter Niles
1948 I Walk Alone Noll "Dink" Turner
The Walls of Jericho Tucker Wedge
1948 My Dear Secretary Owen Waterbury
1949 A Letter to Three Wives George Phipps
Champion Michael "Midge" Kelly Nominated - Academy Award for Best Actor
1950 Young Man with a Horn Rick Martin
The Glass Menagerie Jim O'Connor
1951 Along the Great Divide Marshal Len Merrick
Ace in the Hole Chuck Tatum
Detective Story Detective Jim McLeod
1952 The Big Trees Jim Fallon
The Big Sky Jim Deakins
The Bad and the Beautiful Jonathan Shields Nominated - Academy Award for Best Actor
1953 The Story of Three Loves Pierre Narval
The Juggler Hans Muller
Act of Love Robert Teller
1954 The Jack Benny Program TV series
20,000 Leagues Under the Sea Ned Land
1955 The Racers Gino Borgesa
Ulysses Odysseus aka Ulysses
Man Without a Star Dempsey Rae
The Indian Fighter Johnny Hawks
1956 Lust for Life Vincent van Gogh Nominated - Academy Award for Best Actor
1957 Top Secret Affair Maj. Gen. Melville A. Goodwin
Gunfight at the O.K. Corral Doc Holliday
Paths of Glory Colonel Dax
1958 The Vikings Einar
1959 Last Train from Gun Hill Matt Morgan
The Devil's Disciple Richard "Dick" Dudgeon
1960 Strangers When We Meet Larry Coe
Spartacus Spartacus Also co-executive producer
1961 Town Without Pity Major Garrett
The Last Sunset Brendan "Bren" O'Malley
1962 Lonely Are the Brave John W. "Jack" Burns
Two Weeks in Another Town Jack Andrus
1963 The Hook Sgt. P.J. Briscoe
The List of Adrian Messenger Various
For Love or Money Donald Kenneth "Deke" Gentry
1964 Seven Days in May Colonel Jiggs Casey
1965 In Harm's Way Commander Paul Eddington
The Heroes of Telemark Dr Rolf Pedersen
1966 Cast a Giant Shadow Col. Mickey Marcus
Is Paris Burning? Gen. George Patton
1967 The Way West Sen. William J. Tadlock
The War Wagon Lomax
1968 Once Upon a Wheel Himself Documentary
A Lovely Way to Die Jim Schuyler
The Brotherhood Frank Ginetta Also producer
1969 The Arrangement Eddie Anderson
1970 There Was a Crooked Man... Paris Pitman Jr.
The Johnny Cash Show Himself/Singer TV series (1 episode: #1.18)
1971 To Catch a Spy Andrej
The Light at the Edge of the World Will Denton Also producer
A Gunfight Will Tenneray
1972 The Master Touch Steve Wallace
1973 Scalawag Peg Also director
Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde Musical TV movie
1974 Mousey George Anderson TV movie
1975 Posse Marshal Howard Nightingale Also director/producer
Once Is Not Enough Mike Wayne
1976 Victory at Entebbe Hershel Vilnofsky TV movie
1977 Holocaust 2000 Robert Caine aka Rain of Fire and The Chosen
1978 The Fury Peter Sandza
1979 The Villain Cactus Jack
1980 Saturn 3 Adam
Home Movies Dr. Tuttle "The Maestro"
The Final Countdown Capt. Matthew Yelland
1982 The Man from Snowy River Harrison/Spur
Remembrance of Love Joe Rabin
1983 Eddie Macon's Run Marzack
1984 Draw! Harry H. Holland TV movie
Hollywood Greats Himself TV series (1 episode: "John Wayne")
1985 Amos Amos Lasher TV movie
1986 Tough Guys Archie Long
1987 Queenie David Konig TV movie
1988 Inherit the Wind Matthew Harrison Brady
1991 Oscar Eduardo Provolone
Veraz/Welcome to Veraz Quentin
Tales from the Crypt General Kalthrob TV series (1 episode: "Yellow")
1992 The Secret Grandpa Mike Dunmore TV movie
1994 A Century of Cinema Himself Documentary
Greedy Uncle Joe McTeague
Take Me Home Again Ed Reece TV movie
1996 The Simpsons Chester J. Lampwick (voice) TV series (1 episode: "The Day the Violence Died")
1997 Xena: Warrior Princess Spartacus TV series; archive footage (1 episode: "Athens Academy of the Performing Bards")
1999 Diamonds Harry Agensky
2000 Touched by an Angel Ross Burger TV series (1 episode: "Bar Mitvah")
2003 It Runs in the Family Mitchell Gromberg
2004 Illusion Donald Baines
2008 Empire State Building Murders Jim Kovalski TV movie; aka Meurtres à L'Empire State Building




Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Kirk Douglas" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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