From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
The Kübler-Ross model, commonly known as The Five Stages of Grief, is a theory first introduced by Elisabeth Kübler-Ross in her book On Death and Dying, which was inspired by her work with terminally ill patients. Kubler-Ross was extremely disturbed by the lack of curriculum in medical school that addressed death and dying, so when she became an instructor at the University of Chicago medical school, she started a project about death. This evolved into a series of seminars, and those interviews, along with her previous research, led to her book. Her work revolutionized how the medical field took care of the terminally ill. Her five stages of grief have now become widely accepted.
Kubler-Ross's theory was originally based on the terminally ill, but she realised that the theory could be used for anyone experiencing a loss, for example bereavement, or even separation and divorce.
Kübler-Ross added that these stages are not meant to be complete or chronological. Her theory also holds that not everyone who experiences a life-threatening or life-altering event feels all five of the responses nor will everyone who does experience them do so in any particular order. The theory is that the reactions to illness, death, and loss are as unique as the person experiencing them. Some people may get stuck in one stage.
These theoretical stages of coping with dying are now frequently referred to as the Kübler-Ross model, The Five Stages of Dying, The Five Stages of Grief, The Five Stages of Loss, The Five Stages of Coping with Dying, The Five Stages of Coping with Grief or The Five Stages of Coping with Loss.