From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Art and culture
- 1692 - Salem witch trials: Bridget Bishop is hanged at Gallows Hill near Salem, Massachusetts, for "certaine Detestable Arts called Witchcraft & Sorceries".
- 1793 - France: The Jardin des Plantes museum opens in Paris and the Jacobins install the revolutionary dictatorship.
- 1974 - Travesties, a comedic play by Tom Stoppard premieres
- 1819 - Gustave Courbet, French painter (d. 1877)
- 1863 - Louis Couperus, Dutch novelist (d. 1923)
- 1880 - André Derain, French painter (d. 1954)
- 1922 - Angela Giussani, Italian comics author (d. 1987)
- 323 BC - Alexander the Great (b. 356 BC)
- 1926 - Antoni Gaudí, Spanish architect (b. 1852)
- 1940 - Marcus Garvey, American civil rights activist (b. 1887)
- 1944 - Christa Winsloe, author of Mädchen in Uniform and vocal anti-Nazi is murdered in Vichy France. (b. 1888)
- 1982 - Rainer Werner Fassbinder, German author (b. 1945)