From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Art and culture
- 1558 - In France, Spanish forces led by Flemish Count Lamoral of Egmont defeat the French forces.
- 1573 - Eighty Years' War: The Siege of Haarlem ends after seven months.
- 100 BC - Julius Caesar, Roman military and political leader (d. 44 BC) (born either July 12 or July 13)
- 1841 - Otto Wagner, Austrian architect (d. 1918)
- 1936 - Albert Ayler, American musician (d. 1970)
- 1929 - René Laloux, French animator. (d. 2004)
- 1933 - Piero Manzoni, Italian artist. (d. 1963)
- 1948 - Catherine Breillat, French director and screenwriter
- 1793 - Jean-Paul Marat, French revolutionary (b. 1743)
- 1946 - Alfred Stieglitz, American photographer (b. 1864)
- 1951 - Arnold Schoenberg, Austrian composer (b. 1874)
- 1954 - Frida Kahlo, Mexican painter (b. 1907)
- 1986 - Brion Gysin, British artist (b. 1916)