Jules Laforgue  

From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation, search

"On December 11 1891, the Théâtre d'Art of Paul Fort presents a theatrical show by Remy de Gourmont. It was a memorable evening. Texts by Maurice Denis (Fier-à-bras, Berte au grand pié and Roland) are recited in front of decors by Ibels. The Aveugles by Maeterlinck, Concile féerique by Jules Laforgue, and Cantique des Cantiques by Roinard, with orchestration, light show and "odor show" (the programme notes explain the concordance of sounds, the human voice, colors and perfumes). Théodat (by Remy de Gourmont] is also performed."[1]-- La boule de vermeil (1907) by Pierre de Querlon

Related e

Google
Wikipedia
Wiktionary
Wiki Commons
Wikisource
YouTube
Shop


Featured:
Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
Enlarge
Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Jules Laforgue (Montevideo, 16 August 1860Paris, 20 August 1887) was a French symbolist poet. Influenced by Charles Baudelaire and Walt Whitman, Laforgue was one of the first French poets to write in free verse. Philosophically, he was an ardent disciple of Schopenhauer and Von Hartmann. His poetry would be one of the major influences on the young T. S. Eliot and Ezra Pound. He is best-known for the posthumously published collection Le sanglot de la terre and the invention of the fictional character Pierrot fumiste.

Life

His parents, Charles-Benoît Laforgue and Pauline Lacollay, met in Uruguay where his father worked first as a teacher and then a bank employee. Jules was the second of eleven children in the family. In 1866 the family moved back to France, to Tarbes, his father's hometown. In 1867 Jules, along with his older brother Émile, was left to be raised with a cousin's family when his mother chose to return to Uruguay alone.

In 1869 Jules's father took the family to Paris. In 1877, his mother died in childbirth, and Jules, never a good student, failed his baccalaureate exams. He failed again in 1878, and then a third time, but on his own began to read the great French authors and visit the museums of Paris.

In 1879 his father became sick and returned to Tarbes, but Jules stayed behind in Paris. He published his first poem in Toulouse. By the end of the year, he had published several poems and was noticed by well-known authors. In 1880 he moved in the literary circles of the capital and became a protégé of Paul Bourget, the editor of the review La vie moderne.

By 1881 his literary career had become so busy that he did not return to Tarbes for his father's funeral. From November of that year until 1886, he lived in Berlin, working as the French reader for the Empress Augusta, a sort of cultural counselor. He was well paid and could pursue his interests very freely. In 1885, he wrote L'Imitation de Notre-Dame la Lune, his masterpiece.

In 1886, he returned to France and married Leah Lee, an Englishwoman. He died the next year of tuberculosis, his wife following him shortly thereafter.

Works

  • Stéphane Vassiliew (1881, not published until 1943)
  • Les Complaintes (1885)
  • L'Imitation de Notre Dame de la Lune (1886)
  • Moralités légendaires (1887)
  • Derniers vers (1890)
  • Berlin, la cour et la ville (1922)


Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Jules Laforgue" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

Personal tools