Jugendstil  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Jugendstil is a term coined around 1903 in German-speaking areas to describe a vast cultural movement in late 19th century European life-style, and named after the trend-setting weekly Jugend, published by Georg Hirth in Munich, since 1896. Literary the term means in the stil (English: style) of Jugend (Eng: youth).

Definition

Definitions of Jugendstil like those provided in recent English dictionaries- "a style of architecture or decorative art similar to Art Nouveau, popular during the late 19th and early 20th centuries" - historically, simply are not adequate. Jugendstil, literally style of the magazine Jugend or "youth style" is a close cousin of the French Art nouveau, the dominant style between 1896 and 1909. The art of Jugendstil was applied to a wide range of products, furniture, and architecture. It inspired artists and influenced them to create an expressive look for cartoons and caricatures throughout Europe. Munich, Germany was one main center of Jugendstil (meaning "youth style").

The term "Jugendstil" originated in 1896, when it was published in the trend-setting cultural weekly Jugend, founded by . The word Jugendstil is a distinctly German word used in the vocabulary of graphic design. Drawing from traditional German printmaking, the style uses precise and hard edges, an element which was rather different from the naturalistic style of the time. Within the field of Jugendstil art there are a variety of different methods, applied by the various individual artists. Methods range from classic to romantic. One feature that sets Jugendstil apart is the typography used. Typically the letter and image combination is unmistakable. The combination was used for covers of novels, advertisements, or exhibition posters. Designers often used unique display typefaces which worked harmoniously with the image.

Henry Van de Velde was a Belgian theorist who influenced many others to continue in this style of graphic art including Peter Behrens, Hermann Obrist, and Richard Riemerschmid.

Jugendstil was also popular in the Nordic countries, where it became integrated with the National Romantic Style.

In Vienna, a different style was developed around 1900 with members of the Vienna Secession.

In 1903 Josef Hoffmann and Koloman Moser founded the historical Wiener Werkstätte and created works of craftsmanship in a very distinctive style: the Wiener Werkstätte Style.



Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Jugendstil" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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