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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Judaizers is a term which refers to non-Jews and especially certain Christians, such as Jewish Christians, Quartodecimans, Ethiopian Christians, Seventh-Day Adventists and others, who claim the necessity of obedience to the Mosaic Laws which are found in the first five books of the Christian Old Testament. Mainstream Christians generally consider obedience to the Mosaic Laws as applicable only to Jews. Similarly, "one who has Judaized" refers to a Christian who has accepted the necessity of adhering to the Mosaic Laws or to specific laws that are believed to be superseded, such as circumcision or sabbath observance. The ongoing Christian debate over Judaizing in Christianity or Biblical law in Christianity began in the lifetime of the apostles, notably at the Council of Jerusalem, and parallels the ongoing debate about Paul of Tarsus and Judaism and the Protestant views of the Ten Commandments.

There is also a parallel to the debate within first and second century Judaism as to the place of Gentiles with regard to the Torah. The outcome of that debate was that Rabbinic Judaism determined that gentiles need only follow a small subset of the Torah, called the Seven Laws of Noah, to be assured of a place in the world to come.

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