Joseph Butler  

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"Everything is what it is, and not another thing." --a maxim by Joseph Butler, epigraph to Principia Ethica (1903) by G. E. Moore

"Things and actions are what they are, and the consequences of them will be what they will be: why then should we desire to be deceived?"--Joseph Butler

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Joseph Butler (18 May 1692 – 16 June 1752) was an English bishop, theologian, apologist, and philosopher. He was born in Wantage in the English county of Berkshire (now Oxfordshire). He is known, among other things, for his critique of Deism, Thomas Hobbes's egoism, and John Locke's theory of personal identity.

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