Victor d'Hupay  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Joseph Alexandre Victor d'Hupay (La Tour-d'Aigues, 1746 - Fuveau, 1818) was a French writer and philosopher.

Life and works

In 1746 Victor d'Hupay was born into an aristocratic family in the village of La Tour-d'Aigues in the Luberon, Provence.

While still young he wrote texts on agriculture and economics, expressing his wish to share his land with his neighbours, thus transforming the ideals of the Enlightenment philosophers into practice. His first book, Projet de Communauté philosophe, published in 1777, advocated the idea of living in a sort of commune. In 1785, just before the French revolution, he referred to himself as a communist author in a book review in the journal Restif de la Bretonne; according to some sources, this was the first time that the word "communism" was used in print in its modern sense.

During his life, Victor d'Hupay divided his time between La Tour-d'Aigues, Aix-en-Provence and the neighbouring village of Fuveau, to the south of Montagne Sainte-Victoire, where he died in 1818. The restored family bastide [1] in Fuveau was run according to his principles.

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Victor d'Hupay" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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