From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
The Jewish-Roman wars were a series of revolts by the Jews of Iudaea Province against the Roman Empire. Some sources use the term to refer only to the First Jewish-Roman War (66–73) and Bar Kokhba revolt (132-135). Other sources include the Kitos War (115–117) as one of the Jewish-Roman wars; however this revolt started in Cyrenaica, and merely its final stages were actually fought in Iudaea Province.
- First Jewish-Roman War (66–73) — also called the First Jewish Revolt or the Great Jewish Revolt.
- Kitos War (115–117) — sometimes called the Second Jewish-Roman War.
- Bar Kokhba revolt (132–135) — also called the Second Jewish-Roman War (when Kitos War is not counted), or the Third (when the Kitos War is counted).
Further revolts by the Jews in Iudaea Province:
- Jewish revolt against Gallus (351) — the Jewish revolt originating in Sepphoris.
- Revolt against Heraclius (613) — the Jewish revolt originating in Tiberias.