January 22, 2011
From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
- A prick is of course that which pierces, but the neighbouring roots in Skeat are PRAT or PLAT, to be extended or unfolded, PRI or FRI to love (giving friend among other words) and PRU, to spring up or jump up (giving frolic and frog). ...--Eros Denied, Wayland Kennet
216. V PRAT, usually PLAT, to spread out, extend. Skt. j prath, to spread out, be extended or unfolded ; Gk. nAar-tis, flat, broad, irAaT-os, breadth, irAar-ij, blade of the oar, plate, irXaT-avos, a 1 plane-tree ; Lat. plant-a, sole of the foot, plant ; (probably) Idt-us (for platus*), the (flat) side, plat-essa, a flat fish, plaice ; Lith. plat-us, broad. F. i. 681 ; C. i. 346 ; V. 552. Ex. plate, place, plaice, plant, plantain, plane, perhaps lateral. fB" There seems to have been a by-form PLAD, answering to 'E.fiat; cf. also plat (i), plot. We also require another variant PLAK, to account for plac-enta, plant, and plain.
217. VPEI ( = \/FRI), to love. Skt. pri, to love; Lith. pre- telus, Russ. priiatele, a friend; Coth.fri-jon, to love; A. S. fri-gu, love. F. i. 680 ; C. i. 353. Ex. friend, free, Friday.
218. V PRU, to spring up, jump ; the same as ^ PLU below, no. 221. Skt. pru, to go, plu, to jump, to fly, plava, a frog, a monkey ; O.H.G./ro'-/iAo, frolicsome. F. i. 190. Ex. frog, frolic.
KU/KUK/KUDH 74. y JKTJ, to swell out ; hence (i) to take in, contain, be hollow, (2) to be strong. Gk. Kv-ap, a cavity, KOI-\OS, hollow, itav-\6s, a (hollow) stalk ; Lat. cu-mulus, a heap, cau-us, hollow, cau-lis, a stalk, ca-lum, vault of heaven. F. i. 551; C. i. 192; V. 159. Ex. cyst; cumulate, cave, ceiling, colewort, coble, maroon (2); also church, q.v.; perhaps quaff.
75. VKU ( = ^HU), to beat, strike, hew. Lat. cu-dere, to hammer, in-cu-s, an anvil ; Russ. kov-ate, to hammer ; G. hau-en, to cut. Ex. hew.
76. V K.UK ( = y HUH), to bend, bow out. Skt. kuch, to bend, contract, kuk-shi, the (rounded) belly, kuch-a, the female breast ; Icel. haug-r, a mound ; Goth, hauh-s, high. F. i. 534. Ex. high, hunch, hug, how (2), hucklebone, huckster.
77. VKTJDH ( = VHUD), to hide. Gk. iceM-eiy, to hide; Lat. cus-tos (for cud-tos *), a guardian, keeper ; A. S. hyd-an, to hide. F. i. 816; C. i. 322; V. 162. Ex. custody; hide (i).