From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Art and culture
- 1951 - Ilse Koch, The "Bitch of Buchenwald", wife of the commandant of the Buchenwald concentration camp, is sentenced to life imprisonment by a court in West Germany.
- 1971 - Seedbed (performance piece) performance piece first performed by Vito Acconci in New York.
- 2001 - Wikipedia, a free Wiki content encyclopedia, goes online.
- 1622 - Molière, French playwright (d. 1673)
- 1795 - Alexandr Griboyedov, Russian playwright (Woe from Wit) (d. 1829)
- 1809 - Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, French anarchist (d. 1865)
- 1814 - Pierre-Jules Hetzel, French editor and publisher. (d. 1886)
- 1842 - Josef Breuer, Austrian psychologist (Studies on Hysteria) (d. 1925)
- 1910 - Stephen Gilbert, British painter and sculptor (d. 2007)
- 1929 - Martin Luther King, Jr., American civil rights leader (d. 1968)
- 1935 - Robert Silverberg, American author
- 1935 - Pablo Ferro, Cuban graphic designer and film titles designer
- 1939 - Steven Dwoskin, American filmmaker and essayist
- 1941 - Captain Beefheart, American musician and visual artist
- 1969 - Dante Tomaselli, Italian-American filmmaker
- 1919 - Rosa Luxemburg, German politician (b. 1870)
- 1947 - Elizabeth Short, the Black Dahlia (b. 1924)
- 1955 - Yves Tanguy, French painter (b. 1900)
- 1955 - Johannes Baader, German writer and artist Berlin Dada (b. 1875)
- 1955 - Daniel A. Lord, American writer (1930 Production Code) (d. 1888)
- 1982 - Ramón José Sender, Spanish novelist, essayist and journalist (b. 1901)
- 1996 - Les Baxter, American musician and composer (b. 1922)
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