James Morris Blaut  

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"Putting the matter in a somewhat over-simplified form, the dominant racist theory of the early nineteenth century was a biblical argument, grounded in religion; the dominant racist theory of the period from about 1850 to 1950 was a biological argument, grounded in natural science; the racist theory of today is mainly a historical argument, grounded in the idea of culture history or simply culture. Today's racism is cultural racism." --"The Theory of Cultural Racism" (1992) by James Morris Blaut.

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

James Morris Blaut (October 20, 1927 – November 11, 2000) was a professor of anthropology and geography at the University of Illinois at Chicago. His studies focused on the agricultural microgeography (geographical activity of villagers), cultural ecology, theory of nationalism, philosophy of science, historiography and the relations between the First and the Third World. He is known as one of the most notable critics of Eurocentrism. Blaut was one of the most widely read authors in the field of geography.

Blaut's death in 2000 prevented him from finishing his trilogy of books criticizing Eurocentric theories of a "European miracle". (It begins with The Colonizer’s Model of the World and is followed by the Eight Eurocentric Historians).


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