J. R. R. Tolkien  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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John Ronald Reuel Tolkien (3 January 18922 September 1973) was an English philologist, writer and professor, best known as the author of The Lord of the Rings. He was a devout Roman Catholic. Tolkien was a close friend of C. S. Lewis.

While many other authors published fantasy works before Tolkien, the great success and enduring influence of his works have led to him being popularly identified as the "father of modern fantasy literature ".

Fantasy or fantastique?

Key critics of fantastic literature such as Rosemary Jackson, Christine Brooke-Rose, and Tzvetan Todorov all see Tolkien as beyond their parameters. Jackson’s work is largely concerned with fantasy elements within realist literature, while Todorov and Brooke-Rose see Tolkien as a creator of secondary worlds, no longer a fantasy writer, but a creator of the marvellous, placing him outside their studies. –-Sara Upstone




Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "J. R. R. Tolkien" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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