Mathematics in medieval Islam  

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The history of mathematics during the Golden Age of Islam, especially during the 9th and 10th centuries, building on Greek mathematics (Euclid, Archimedes, Apollonius) and Indian mathematics (Aryabhata, Brahmagupta), saw important developments, such as the full development of the decimal place-value system to include decimal fractions, the first systematised study of algebra (named for The Compendious Book on Calculation by Completion and Balancing by scholar Al-Kwarizmi), and advances in geometry and trigonometry.

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Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Mathematics in medieval Islam" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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