Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant  

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"On 29 June 2014, Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant announced the establishment of a new caliphate. Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi was appointed its caliph, and the group formally changed its name to the "Islamic State"." --Sholem Stein

"It aims to mobilise its supporters by motivating them with, for example, spectacular deadly attacks deep in Western territory (such as the November 2015 Paris attacks), to polarise by driving Muslim populations – particularly in the West – away from their governments, thus increasing the appeal of ISIL's self-proclaimed caliphate among them." --Sholem Stein

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The Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL or ISIS), is a Salafi jihadist militant group and former unrecognised proto-state that follows a fundamentalist, Wahhabi, and heterodox doctrine of Sunni Islam.

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