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"In her book Laclau/Mouffe: The Radical Democratic Imaginary (1998), Anna Marie Smith acknowledges the heterogeneity and unpredictability of politics and reinforces the idea that Laclau and Mouffe's poststructuralist theory of hegemony can be read as a theory of intersectionality." -- Hegemony and Heteronormativity: Revisiting 'The Political' (2016) by María do Mar Castro Varela et al.

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

Intersectionality is a feminist sociological theory first highlighted by Kimberlé Crenshaw (1989). Intersectionality is a methodology of studying "the relationships among multiple dimensions and modalities of social relationships and subject formations" (McCall 2005). The theory suggests—and seeks to examine how—various biological, social and cultural categories such as gender, race, class, ability, sexual orientation, and other axes of identity interact on multiple and often simultaneous levels, contributing to systematic social inequality. Intersectionality holds that the classical conceptualizations of oppression within society, such as racism, sexism, homophobia, and religion-based bigotry, do not act independently of one another; instead, these forms of oppression interrelate, creating a system of oppression that reflects the "intersection" of multiple forms of discrimination.

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