Inference
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Inference is the act or process of deriving a conclusion based solely on what one already knows.
Inference is studied within several different fields.
- Human inference (i.e. how humans draw conclusions) is traditionally studied within the field of cognitive psychology.
- Logic studies the laws of valid inference.
- Statisticians have developed formal rules for inference from quantitative data.
- Artificial intelligence researchers develop automated inference systems.
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See also
- Reasoning
- Entailment
- Analogy
- Axiom
- Bayesian inference
- Business rule
- Business rules engine
- Expert system
- Fuzzy logic
- Immediate inference
- Inference engine
- Inquiry
- Logic
- Logic of information
- Logical assertion
- Logical graph
- Nonmonotonic logic
- Rule of inference
- List of rules of inference
- Theorem
- Sherlock Holmes
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