Identity  

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The Birth of Venus (detail), a 1486 painting by Sandro Botticelli
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The Birth of Venus (detail), a 1486 painting by Sandro Botticelli

Identity is the sameness some individuals share to make up the same kind or universal; or paradoxically, the difference or character that marks off an individual from the rest of the same kind, selfhood and a name or persona—the mask or appearance one presents to the world—by which one is known.

Identity may refer to:

Philosophical topics

Personal conception and expression

  • Gender identity, also known as core gender identity, the gender(s) or lack thereof, that a person self-identifies
  • Identity formation, the process of the development of the distinct personality of an individual
  • Identity (social science), individuality, personal identity, social identity, and cultural identity in psychology, sociology, and philosophy
  • Persona, a social role or a character played by an actor with oneself
  • Sexual orientation identity, how people identify their own sexuality

Specifications of persons

Group expression and affiliation

  • Christian Identity, a Christian religious movement
  • Cultural identity, person's self-affiliation (or categorization by others) as a member of a cultural group
  • Identity politics, political arguments that focus upon the self-interest and perspectives of self-identified social interest groups or minorities
  • National identity, belief in membership of a nation

Computer science

  • Digital identity, representation of a set of claims made by one digital subject about itself or another digital subject
  • Federated identity, assembled identity of a person's user information, stored across multiple distinct identity management systems
  • Online identity, social identity that an internet user establishes in online communities and websites

Etymology

From Middle French identité, from Latin idem (“the same”). See identical and idem.

See also




Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Identity" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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