Animalism (philosophy)  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Philosophical Animalism is the notion that humans are animals. Eric T. Olson (philosopher) is an example of a philosopher who supports the view that we are animals.

According to the German philosopher W. Sombart, "Animalism", in opposition to "Hominism", contains every ideology that give up the notion of humans possessing a life-form of their own, and understands them as a part of nature, as an animal specie.

Animalism is unpopular among philosophers, theologians and writers of the western culture. Though, Friedrich Nietzsche and Jacques Derrida are some very famous animalists. There is even written a book about Nietzsche's animal philosophy, and among philosophers today, by the anarcho-primitivist philosopher John Zerzan. All anarcho-primitivism is more or less animalistic. It advocates a political equality between animals, plants and humans, where all domestication should be quitted.

Although, it has been discussed by analytical philosophers if some of the cornerstone points of human ethics and onthology transpire from discrete aspects of the function of mind that generates a chain reaction from self awareness and agency to the constitution of a concept of soul, and if those aspects could be found if a similar theory of mind is sketched on the rest of the animals; For instance, Felipe Andrusco (psychoanalyst and analytical philosopher) postulates a similitude at the states of infancy, taking some remarks on animal characterization on babies noted by Donald Winnicott and Giorgio Agamben.

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