Hugo Grotius  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Hugo Grotius or Huig de Groot, or Hugo de Groot; (Delft, 10 April 1583Rostock, 28 August 1645) worked as a jurist in the Dutch Republic and laid the foundations with Francisco de Vitoria for international law, based on natural law. He was also a philosopher, Christian apologist, playwright, and poet.

Bibliography, selected works

The Peace Palace Library in The Hague holds the Grotius Collection, which has a large number of books by and about Hugo Grotius. The collection was based on a donation from Martinus Nijhoff of 55 editions of De jure belli ac pacis libri tres.

Works are listed in order of publication, with the exception of works published posthumously or after long delay (estimated composition dates are given). Where an English translation is available, the most recently published translation is listed beneath the title.

  • Adamus exul (The Exile of Adam; tragedy) - The Hague, 1601
  • De republica emendanda (To Improve the Dutch Republic; manuscript 1601) - pub. The Hague, 1984
  • Parallelon rerumpublicarum (Comparison of Constitutions; manuscript 1601-02) - pub. Haarlem 1801-03
  • De Indis (On the Indies; manuscript 1604-05) - pub. 1868 as De Jure Praedae
Commentary on the Law of Prize and Booty, ed. Martine Julia van Ittersum (Liberty Fund, 2006).
  • Christus patiens (The Passion of Christ; tragedy) - Leiden, 1608
  • Mare Liberum (The Free Seas; from chapter 12 of De Indis) - Leiden, 1609
The Free Sea, ed. David Armitage (Liberty Fund, 2004).
  • De antiquitate reipublicae Batavicae (On the Antiquity of the Batavian Republic) - Leiden, 1610
The Antiquity of the Batavian Republic, ed. Jan Waszink and others (van Gorcum, 2000).
  • Meletius (manuscript 1611) - pub. Leiden, 1988
Meletius, ed. G.H.M. Posthumus Meyjes (Brill, 1988).
  • Annales et Historiae de rebus Belgicus (Annals and History of the Low Countries; manuscript 1612) - pub. Amsterdam, 1657
The Annals and History of the Low-Countrey-warrs, ed. Thomas Manley (London, 1665).
  • Ordinum Hollandiae ac Westfrisiae pietas (The Piety of the States of Holland and Westfriesland) - Leiden, 1613
Ordinum Hollandiae ac Westfrisiae pietas, ed. Edwin Rabbie (Brill, 1995).
  • De imperio summarum potestatum circa sacra (On the power of sovereigns concerning religious affairs; manuscript 1614-17) - pub. Paris, 1647
De imperio summarum potestatum circa sacra, ed. Harm-Jan van Dam (Brill, 2001).
  • De satisfactione Christi adversus Faustum Socinum (On the satisfaction of Christ against [the doctrines of] Faustus Socinus) - Leiden, 1617
Defensio fidei catholicae de satisfactione Christi, ed. Edwin Rabbie (van Gorcum, 1990).
  • Inleydinge tot de Hollantsche rechtsgeleertheit (Introduction to Dutch Jurisprudence; written in Loevenstein) - pub. The Hague, 1631
The Jurisprudence of Holland, ed. R.W. Lee (Oxford, 1926).
  • Bewijs van den waaren godsdienst (Proof of the True Religion; didactic poem) - Rotterdam, 1622
  • Apologeticus (Defense of the actions which led to his arrest) - Paris, 1922
  • De jure belli ac pacis (On the Law of War and Peace) - Paris, 1625 (2nd ed. Amsterdam 1631)
The Rights of War and Peace, ed. Richard Tuck (Liberty Fund, 2005).
  • De veritate religionis Christianae (On the Truth of the Christian religion) - Paris, 1627
The Truth of the Christian Religion, ed. John Clarke (Edinburgh, 1819).
  • Sophompaneas (Joseph; tragedy) - Amsterdam, 1635
  • De origine gentium Americanarum dissertatio (Dissertation of the origin of the American peoples) - Paris 1642
  • Via ad pacem ecclesiasticam (The way to religious peace) - Paris, 1642
  • Annotationes in Vetus Testamentum (Commentaries on the Old Testament) - Amsterdam, 1644
  • Annotationes in Novum Testamentum (Commentaries on the New Testament) - Amsterdam and Paris, 1641-50
  • De fato (On Destiny) - Paris, 1648

See also




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