House of Capet  

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The House of Capet, or The Direct Capetian Dynasty, (Template:Lang-fr), also called The House of France (la maison de France), or simply the Capets, which ruled the Kingdom of France from 987 to 1328, was the most senior line of the Capetian dynasty - itself a derivative dynasty from the Robertians. As rulers of France, the dynasty succeeded the Carolingian dynasty. The name derives from the nickname of Hugh, the first Capetian King, who was known as Hugh Capet and was a cognatic descendant of the Carolingians.

The direct House of Capet came to an end in 1328, when the three sons of Philip IV all failed to produce surviving male heirs to the French throne. With the death of Charles IV, the throne passed to the House of Valois, the direct descendants of Charles of Valois, a younger son of Philip III. It would later pass again, to the House of Bourbon and the House of Orléans (both descended from Louis IX), while always remaining in the hands of agnatic descendants of Hugh Capet.


"Citizen Louis Capet"

During the French Revolution, when King Louis XVI was deposed and France declared a republic, he was given the name "Citizen Louis Capet" - a usage which implied that the House of Bourbon had been illegitimate usurpers all along.

The former king protested that "Capet" was not his name, though it had been that of some of his remote ancestors. His protests were, however, ignored by the revolutionaries. It was as "Citizen Louis Capet" that he was officially known in the last year of his life, and under this name he was finally sentenced to death and executed.

List of Direct Capetian kings of France

  • 987996, Hugh Capet (Hugues Capet), Count of Paris, crowned King of the Franks
  • 996–1031, Robert II, the Pious (Robert II le Pieux)
  • 1031–1060, Henry I (Henri Ier)
  • 1060–1108, Philip I (Philippe Ier)
  • 1108–1137, Louis VI, the Fat (Louis VI le Gros)
  • 1137–1180, Louis VII, the Young (Louis VII le Jeune)
  • 1180–1223, Philip II Augustus, the God-Given (Philippe II Auguste Dieudonné)
  • 1223–1226, Louis VIII, the Lion (Louis VIII le Lion)
  • 1226–1270, Louis IX, the Saint, ("Saint Louis") (Louis IX le Saint, Saint Louis)
  • 1270–1285, Philip III, the Bold (Philippe III le Hardi)
  • 1285–1314, Philip IV, the Fair (Philippe IV le Bel)
  • 1314–1316, Louis X, the Quarrelsome (Louis X le Hutin)
  • 1316–1316, John I, the Posthumous (Jean Ier le Posthume)
  • 1316–1322, Philip V, the Tall (Philippe V le Long)
  • 13221328, Charles IV, the Fair (Charles IV le Bel)


Lines of Succession, by Michael Maclagan and Jiri Louda

See also

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