History of Beauty  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Storia della bellezza (2004, English translation: History of Beauty/On Beauty, 2004) is a book by Umberto Eco, co-edited with Girolamo de Michele.

Contents

The chapter 'The Beauty of Monsters'

  • Symposium 215-222
  • Phaedrus 250d-251a
  • 'Defect' by Guillaume D'Auvergne
    • "We should call ugly a man who had three eyes and likewise one who had only one eye. But the former we should thus name for possessing what he ... --tr. History of Aesthetics
  • 'The Beauty of the Devil' by Bonaventure
    • 'The Beauty of the image of the painting refers to its model in a manner that is not worthy of veneration in itself, as when the image of the Blessed Nicholas is venerated; but Beauty refers to the model in such a way that it is to be found in the image too, and not solely in the subject it represents. Thus two modes of Beauty may be found in the image, although it is obvious that there is only one subject of the image. For it is clear that the image is called beautiful when it is well painted, and it is also called beautiful when it is a good representation of the person whose image it is, and that this is another cause of Beauty emerges from the fact that one can be present in the absence of another; which is precisely why we may say that the image of the devil is beautiful when it well represents the turpitude of the devil and as a consequence of this aspect it is also repugnant.'
  • 'The depiction of ugliness' by Kant from Critique of Judgment
  • 'The depiction of pain' by Hegel from Lectures on Aesthetics
  • 'The aesthetic inferno' by Rosenkranz from Aesthetik des Hässlichen (1853)

Selected list of works

TOC

Introduction p. 8

  	Comparative Tables	
     	Nude Venus	p. 16
     	Nude Adonis	p. 18
     	Clothed Venus	p. 20
     	Clothed Adonis	p. 22
     	Face and Hair of Venus	p. 24
     	Face and Hair of Adonis	p. 26
     	Madonna	p. 28
     	Jesus	p. 30
     	Kings	p. 32
     	Queens	p. 34
     	Proportions	p. 34
  	The Aesthetic Ideal in Ancient Greece	
     	The Chorus of the Muses	p. 37
     	The Artist's Idea of Beauty	p. 42
     	The Beauty of the Philosophers	p. 48
  	Apollonian and Dionysiac	
     	The Gods of Delphi	p. 53
     	From the Greeks to Nietzsche	p. 57
  	Beauty as Proportion and Harmony	
     	Number and Music	p. 61
     	Architectonic Proportion	p. 64
     	The Human Body	p. 72
     	The Cosmos and Nature	p. 82
     	The Other Arts	p. 86
     	Conformity with the Purpose	p. 88
     	Proportion in History	p. 90
  	Light and Color in the Middle Ages	
     	Light and Color	p. 99
     	God as Light	p. 102
     	Light, Wealth, and Poverty	p. 105
     	Ornamentation	p. 111
     	Color in Poetry and Mysticism	p. 114
     	Color in Everyday Life	p. 118
     	The Symbolism of Color	p. 121
     	Theologians and Philosophers	p. 125
  	The Beauty of Monsters	
     	A Beautiful Portrayal of Ugliness	p. 131
     	Legendary and Marvelous Beings	p. 138
     	Ugliness in Universal Symbolism	p. 143
     	Ugliness as a Requirement for Beauty	p. 148
     	Ugliness as a Natural Curiosity	p. 152
  	From the Pastourelle to the Donna Angelicata	
     	Sacred and Profane Love	p. 154
     	Ladies and Troubadours	p. 161
     	Ladies and Knights	p. 164
     	Poets and Impossible Loves	p. 167
  	Magic Beauty between the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries	
     	Beauty Between Invention and Imitation of Nature	p. 176
     	The Simulacrum	p. 180
     	Suprasensible Beauty	p. 184
     	The Venuses	p. 188
  	Ladies and Heroes	
     	The Ladies...	p. 193
     	...and the Heroes	p. 200
     	Practical Beauty...	p. 206
     	...and Sensual Beauty	p. 209
  	From Grace to Disquieting Beauty	
     	Toward a Subjective and Manifold Beauty	p. 214
     	Mannerism	p. 218
     	The Crisis of Knowledge	p. 225
     	Melancholy	p. 226
     	Agudeza, Wit, Conceits...	p. 229
     	Reaching Out for the Absolute	p. 233
  	Reason and Beauty	
     	The Dialectic of Beauty	p. 237
     	Rigor and Liberation	p. 241
     	Palaces and Gardens	p. 242
     	Classicism and Neoclassicism	p. 244
     	Heroes, Bodies, and Ruins	p. 249
     	New Ideas, New Subjects	p. 252
     	Women and Passions	p. 259
     	The Free Play of Beauty	p. 264
     	Cruel and Gloomy Beauty	p. 269
  	The Sublime	
     	A New Concept of Beauty	p. 275
     	The Sublime Is the Echo of a Great Soul	p. 278
     	The Sublime in Nature	p. 281
     	The Poetics of Ruins	p. 285
     	The "Gothic" Style in Literature	p. 288
     	Edmund Burke	p. 290
     	Kant's Sublime	p. 294
  	Romantic Beauty	
     	Romantic Beauty	p. 299
     	Romantic Beauty and the Beauty of the Old Romances	p. 304
     	The Vague Beauty of Je Ne Sais Quoi	p. 310
     	Romanticism and Rebellion	p. 313
     	Truth, Myth, and Irony	p. 315
     	Gloomy, Grotesque, Melancholic	p. 321
     	Lyrical Romanticism	p. 325
  	The Religion of Beauty	
     	Aesthetic Religion	p. 329
     	Dandyism	p. 333
     	Flesh, Death, and the Devil	p. 336
     	Art for Art's Sake	p. 338
     	Against the Grain	p. 341
     	Symbolism	p. 346
     	Aesthetic Mysticism	p. 351
     	The Ecstasy Within Things	p. 353
     	The Impression	p. 356
  	The New Object	
     	Solid Victorian Beauty	p. 361
     	Iron and Glass: The New Beauty	p. 364
     	From Art Nouveau to Art Deco	p. 368
     	Organic Beauty	p. 374
     	Articles of Everyday Use: Criticism, Commercialization, Mass Production	p. 376
  	The Beauty of Machines	
     	The Beautiful Machine?	p. 381
     	From Antiquity to the Middle Ages	p. 385
     	From the Fifteenth Century to the Baroque	p. 388
     	The Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries	p. 392
     	The Twentieth Century	p. 394
  	From Abstract Forms to the Depths of Material	
     	"Seek His Statues among the Stones"	p. 401
     	The Contemporary Re-Assessment of Material	p. 402
     	The Ready Made	p. 406
     	From Reproduced to Industrial Material to the Depths of Material	p. 407
  	The Beauty of the Media	
     	The Beauty of Provocation or the Beauty of Consumption?	p. 413
     	The Avant-Garde, or the Beauty of Provocation	p. 415
     	The Beauty of Consumption	p. 418
  	Bibliographical References of Anthology Translations	p. 431
  	Index of Anthology Authors	p. 433
  	Index of Artists	p. 435

See also




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