From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Hippocrates of Cos II or Hippokrates of Kos (ca. 460 BC – ca. 370 BC) was an Ancient Greece physician of the Age of Pericles, and was considered one of the most outstanding figures in the history of medicine. He is referred to as the "father of medicine" in recognition of his lasting contributions to the field as the founder of the Hippocratic school of medicine. This intellectual school revolutionized medicine in ancient Greece, establishing it as a discipline distinct from other fields that it had traditionally been associated with (notably theurgy and philosophy), thus making medicine a profession.