From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Hip hop is both a music genre and a cultural movement developed in urban communities starting in the 1970s, predominantly by African Americans and Latinos. Coinage of the term hip hop is often credited to Keith Cowboy, a rapper with Grandmaster Flash & the Furious Five.
Since first emerging in New York City in the 1970s, hip hop has grown to encompass an entire lifestyle that consistently incorporates diverse elements of ethnicity, technology, art and urban life. There are four fundamental elements in hip hop:
- Hip hop dance: Breakdance and various forms of street dance
- Hip hop art: Urban inspired art, often as graffiti
- Hip hop music: DJing, beats and beatmaking, and hip hop production
- Rapping: MCing and urban inspired poetry