Hector Guimard  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Hector Guimard (Lyon, March 10 1867 - New York, May 20 1942) was an architect, who is widely considered today to be the most prominent representative of the French Art Nouveau movement of the end of the nineteenth and beginning of the twentieth centuries.

Guimard did not originally have such a high reputation, because he did not have any followers; however, recently, people have come to realize the extraordinary formal and typological profusion of his architectural and decorative work, the best of it done in a relatively short fifteen years of prolific creative activity.

Projects

  • 1888 Café Au grand Neptune (quai d'Auteuil, 16th arrondissement de Paris).
  • 1889 Pavilion of Electricity at the 1889 World's Fair in Paris.
  • 1890 Construction of a small dwelling in Billancourt (Monsieur Lecolle, owner)
  • 1891 Hôtel Roszé (rue Boileau, 16th arrondissement of Paris)
  • 1894 Hôtel Jassedé (rue Chardon-Lagache), Hôtel Delfau (rue Molitor), and the funerary chapel of Devos-Logie and Mirand-Devos in the cimetière des Gonards at Versailles. Guimard first meets Belgian Art Nouveau architect Paul Hankar.
  • 1895 Atelier Carpeaux (boulevard Exelmans, Paris), and the École du Sacré Cœur. First meets Belgian Art Nouveau architect Victor Horta. Beginning of construction on the Castel Béranger (rue La-Fontaine, Paris).
  • 1896 La Hublotière au Vésinet.
  • 1897 Guimard moves into an apartment building. Coilliot House.
  • 1898 Castel Béranger which is called "deranged" by contemporaries.
  • 1899 Villa Bluette (Hermanville, Calvados).
  • 1900 Coilliot House (14, rue Fleurus, Lille); design of the entrances, buildings and lettering of the stations entrance of the Paris Métropolitan (of 141 entrances created, 58 survive, including one moved to Montreal, plus four reproductions in Chicago, Lisbon, Mexico City, and Moscow)
  • 1901 Salle Humbert-de-Romans (Paris); Castel Henriette (rue des Binelles, Sèvres, Hauts-de-Seine).
  • 1903 Castel Val (4, rue des Meulières, Auvers-sur-Oise); Villa La Sapinière (Hermanville).
  • 1904 Castel Orgeval (2 avenue de la Mare-Tambour, Villemoisson-sur-Orge); Hôtel Léon Nozal (16th arrondissement of Paris).
  • 1905 Hôtel Deron Levet, Chalet Blanc (2, rue du Lycée, Sceaux).
  • 1909 Immeuble Trémois, rue Agar; Guimard marries Adeline Oppenheim and they move into the Hôtel Guimard on a triangular lot on the Rue Mozart, Paris.
  • 1910 Hôtel Mezzara (60, rue La Fontaine, 16th arrondissement de Paris)
  • 1913 Synagogue de la rue Pavée à Paris (10, rue Pavée, in the 4th arrondissement de Paris); Villa Hemsy (3, rue Crillon, Saint-Cloud).
  • 1924 Villa Flore (avenue Mozart, 16th arrondissement de Paris).
  • 1926 Apartment building (rue Henri Heine, Paris).
  • 1928 Apartment building (rue Greuze, Paris), this is widely believed to be Guimard's last work as an architect.




Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Hector Guimard" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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