From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
In its origins hauntology is Jacques Derrida’s neologism to refer to the logic of the of the specter or ghost. The term first appears in his book Spectres of Marx. In French, the word ‘hauntology’ sounds identical to the word 'ontology’, the pun being a part of Derrida’s purpose to critique. Ultimately the term refers to the paradoxical state of the specter, which is neither being nor non-being.
No doubt the term goes back to 1848 when Marx and Engels stated “A spectre is haunting Europe, the spectre of Communism².”
In music criticism
From 1995 onwards, the term hauntology has popped up in the British music press and blogosphere. The first to use the term were Ian Penman ‘([the Phantoms of] TRICKNOLOGY [versus a Politics of Authenticity]’ in The Wire from 1995) and David Toop (Haunted Weather : Music, Silence, and Memory (2004)). In the musical blogosphere it has been most ardently used by K-Punk, Woebot, Simon Reynolds and Padraig in connection to dubstep artists such as Kode9 and Sam Shackleton. In 2008 there was a Hauntology Now! symposium.