H. P. Lovecraft
From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Howard Phillips Lovecraft (August 20, 1890 – March 15, 1937) was an American author of fantasy, horror and science fiction, noted for the Necronomicon, a fictional textbook of magical rites and forbidden lore, as well an essay on Supernatural Horror in Literature. A recommended biography is Michel Houellebecq's study which focuses on Lovecraft's xenophobia and masochism: H.P. Lovecraft: Against the World, Against Life.
He is notable for blending elements of science fiction and horror; and for popularizing "cosmic horror": the notion that some concepts, entities or experiences are barely comprehensible to human minds, and those who delve into such risk their sanity. Lovecraft has become a cult figure in the horror genre and is noted as creator of the "Cthulhu Mythos," a series of loosely interconnected fictions featuring nonhuman creatures, as well as the famed Necronomicon, a grimoire of magical rites and forbidden lore. His works typically had a tone of "cosmic pessimism," regarding mankind as insignificant and powerless in the universe.
Lovecraft's readership was limited during his life, and his works, particularly early in his career, have been criticized as occasionally ponderous, and for their uneven quality.
- Supernatural Horror in Literature
- H. P. Lovecraft: Contre le monde, contre la vie (1991; Michel Houellebecq; Trans. as H.P. Lovecraft: Against the World, Against Life by Dorna Khazeni, Intro by Stephen King, 2005), an analysis of the life and work of H. P. Lovecraft.