Gender  

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This page Gender is part of the gender series.Illustration: Toulouse-Lautrec wearing Jane Avril's Feathered Hat and Boa (ca. 1892), photo Maurice Guibert.
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This page Gender is part of the gender series.
Illustration: Toulouse-Lautrec wearing Jane Avril's Feathered Hat and Boa (ca. 1892), photo Maurice Guibert.

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
gender role, war of the sexes, gender and crime

"Gender", in common usage, refers to the differences between men and women. Encyclopaedia Britannica notes that gender identity is "an individual's self-conception as being male or female, as distinguished from actual biological sex." Although "gender" is commonly used interchangeably with "sex," within the academic fields of cultural studies, gender studies and the social sciences in general, the term "gender" often refers to purely social rather than biological differences. Some even view gender as a social construction rather than a biological phenomenon.

Many languages have a system of grammatical gender, a type of noun class system: nouns may be classified as masculine or feminine (e.g., Hebrew, Arabic, French) or may also have a neuter grammatical gender (e.g., Sanskrit, German, Polish). In such languages, this is essentially a convention, which may have little or no connection to the meaning of the words. Likewise, a wide variety of phenomena have characteristics termed gender, by analogy to male and female bodies (such as with the gender of connectors and fasteners) or due to social norms. People whose gender identity feels incongruent with their physical bodies may identify themselves as intersex, transgender or genderqueer.

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Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Gender" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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