French Guiana  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

French Guiana is an overseas region of France, consisting of a single overseas department (French: département d'outre-mer, or DOM) located on the northern Atlantic coast of South America. It has borders with two nations, Brazil to the east and south, and Suriname to the west. Its 83,500 sq km have a very low population density of less than three inhabitants per sq km, with almost half of its 220,000 people living in the suburbs surrounding the region's main city and capital, Cayenne. French Guiana's currency is the euro.

The addition of the adjective "French" comes from colonial times when three such colonies existed, namely from west to east: British Guiana (now Guyana), Dutch Guiana (now Suriname) and French Guiana. The three are still often collectively referred to as the Guianas.

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "French Guiana" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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