Film criticism  

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"André Bazin is known as a proponent of appreciative criticism, wherein only critics who like a film can write a review of it, thus encouraging constructive criticism."


"They can keep their Bressons and their Cocteaus. The cinematic, modern marvelous is popular, and the best and most exciting films are, beginning with Méliès and Fantômas, the films shown in local fleapits, films which seem to have no place in the history of cinema." --Le Surréalisme au cinéma (1953) by Adonis A. Kyrou

 This page Film criticism is part of the film series.Illustration: screen shot from L'arrivée d'un train en gare de La Ciotat
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This page Film criticism is part of the film series.
Illustration: screen shot from L'arrivée d'un train en gare de La Ciotat

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Film criticism is the analysis and evaluation of films, individually and collectively. In general this can be divided into journalistic criticism that appears regularly in newspapers and other popular, mass-media outlets and academic criticism by film scholars that is informed by film theory and published in journals.

Contents

In France

Since the inception of cinema, France has been a leading nation of cinephilia and film criticism.

Early French film magazines

Early periodicals destined to the cinephile and cultivated public included Cinéa, created in 1921 by Louis Delluc, La Gazette des sept arts (1922-1924) by Ricciotto Canudo, Photo-ciné (1927-1929) and the short-lived Cinégraphie (1927-1928), edited and illustrated by Jean Dréville, with contributions by Alberto Cavalcanti, Germaine Dulac and Jean Epstein. These magazines were concerned with giving the nascent medium an air of respectability and defend avant-garde film.

Post-World War II

In the Post-World War II critical magazine Cahiers du cinéma founded by André Bazin, critics and lovers of film would discuss film and why it worked. Modern film theory was born there. Additionally, Cahiers critics such as Jean-Luc Godard, François Truffaut, Claude Chabrol, etc. went on to make films themselves, creating what was to become known as the French New Wave. Some of the first movies of this new genre was Godard's Breathless (À bout de souffle, 1960), starring Jean-Paul Belmondo and - the leading movie - Truffaut's The 400 Blows (Les Quatre Cent Coups, 1959) starring Jean-Pierre Léaud.

1960s and 1970s

Eric Losfeld was the publisher of two film magazines (Midi Minuit Fantastique and Positif).

See also

In the United States

The history of American film criticism is told in the documentary film For the Love of Movies: The Story of American Film Criticism (2009).

See also

See also




Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Film criticism" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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