From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Film Culture was an American film magazine started by Adolfas Mekas and his brother Jonas Mekas in 1954, and is now defunct. It is best known for exploring the avant-garde cinema in depth, but also published articles on all aspects of cinema, including Hollywood films.
Past contributors include Rudolf Arnheim, Peter Bogdanovich, Stan Brakhage, Arlene Croce, Manny Farber, David Ehrenstein, John Fles, DeeDee Halleck, Gregory Markopoulos, Annette Michelson, Andrew Sarris, P. Adams Sitney, and Parker Tyler.
Articles from Film Culture are compiled in a book entitled Film Culture Reader, published by Cooper Square Press.
The magazine presented awards to Independent film makers. The winners of this award were-
First Independent Film Award
John Cassavetes — For Shadows (1959)
Second Independent Film Award
Third Independent Film Award
Ricky Leacock, Don Pennebaker, Robert Drew and Al Maysles — For Primary (1961)
Fourth Independent Film Award
Stan Brakhage — For The Dead and Prelude (1962)
Fifth Independent Film Award
Jack Smith — For Flaming Creatures (1963)
Sixth Independent Film Award
Andy Warhol — For Sleep, Haircut, Eat, Kiss and Empire (1964)
Seventh Independent Film Award
Harry Smith — For his entire body of work (1965)
Eighth Independent Film Award
Gregory Markopoulos — For his entire body of work (1966)
Ninth Independent Film Award
Michael Snow — For Wavelength (1968)
Tenth Independent Film Award