Fertile Crescent  

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

The Fertile Crescent (also known as the "cradle of civilization") is a crescent-shaped region where agriculture and early human civilizations like the Sumer and Ancient Egypt flourished due to inundations from the surrounding Nile, Euphrates, and Tigris rivers. Technological advances in the region include the development of writing, glass, the wheel, agriculture, and the use of irrigation.

Modern-day countries with significant territory within the Fertile Crescent are Iraq, Syria, Kurdistan, Lebanon, Cyprus, Jordan, Israel, Palestine, Egypt, as well as the southeastern fringe of Turkey and the western fringes of Iran. The term is also used in international geopolitics and diplomatic relations.

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Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Fertile Crescent" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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