Feminist art movement  

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"All intellectual and artistic endeavours, even jokes, ironies, and parodies, fare better in the mind of the crowd when the crowd knows that somewhere behind the great work or the great spoof it can locate a cock and a pair of balls." --incipit The Blazing World

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

The feminist art movement refers to the efforts and accomplishments of feminists internationally to make art that reflects women's lives and experience as well as to change the foundation for the production and reception of contemporary art; it also sought to bring more visibility to women within art history and art practice. Corresponding with general developments within feminism, the movement began in the late 1960s and flourished throughout the 1970s as an outgrowth of the so-called third wave of feminism; its effects continue to the present. The strength of the feminist movement allowed for the flowering and visibility of many new types of work by women, but also including a whole range of new practices by men.

A small number of mostly American women, among the many thousands associated with feminist art, are artists Judy Chicago and Miriam Schapiro, founders of the first known Feminist Art Program (in California), Suzanne Lacy, Faith Wilding, Martha Rosler, Mary Kelly, Kate Millett, Nancy Spero, Faith Ringgold, June Wayne, Sheila Levrant de Bretteville, Dara Birnbaum, art-world agitators The Guerrilla Girls and critics, historians, and curators Lucy Lippard, Griselda Pollock, Arlene Raven, Catherine de Zegher, and Eleanor Tufts. The Woman's Building was an important center of the Los Angeles feminist artist movement in the 1970s and 1980s in which informal meetings, workshops, performances, and exhibitions regularly took place. The Women's Interart Center in New York, founded in the 1970s in New York City, is still in operation. The Women's Video Festival was held yearly for a number of years in the early 1970s, also in New York City. Many women artists organized and working groups, collectives, and nonprofit galleries in locales around the world.

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Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Feminist art movement" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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