From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Art and culture
- 1861 - Serfdom is abolished in Russia.
- 1878 - The phonograph is patented by Thomas Edison.
- 1953 - Censorship: Georgia approves the first literature censorship board in the United States.
- 1473 - Nicolaus Copernicus, Polish mathematician and astronomer (d. 1543)
- 1873 - Louis Feuillade, French film director from the silent era (d. 1925)
- 1876 - Constantin Brancusi, Romanian sculptor (d. 1957)
- 1877 - George Melford, American stage and film actor and film director (d. 1961)
- 1896 - Andre Breton, French writer (d. 1966)
- 1899 - Lucio Fontana, Italian-Argentinian painter and sculptor (d. 1968)
- 1902 - Kay Boyle, American writer (d. 1992)
- 1917 - Carson McCullers, American author (d. 1967)
- 1924 - Lee Marvin, American actor (d. 1987)
- 1934 - Carole Eastman, American screenwriter (d. 2004)
- 1940 - Smokey Robinson, American singer
- 1947 - Jackie Curtis, American actor, poet and playwright (d. 1985)
- 1952 - Ryu Murakami, Japanese novelist and filmmaker (Audition and Tokyo Decadence)
- 1955 - Siri Hustvedt, American novelist, essayist, and poet
- 1837 - Georg Büchner, German playwright (b. 1813)
- 1951 - André Gide, French writer, Nobel laureate (b. 1869)
- 1952 - Knut Hamsun, Norwegian author, Nobel laureate (b. 1859)
- 1988 - René Char, French poet (d. 1907)
- 1990 - Michael Powell, British film director (Peeping Tom) (b. 1905)
- 1994 - Derek Jarman, British film director (b. 1942)
- 2000 - Friedensreich Hundertwasser, Austrian artist (b. 1928)
- 2001 - Stanley Kramer, American director (b. 1913)
- 2001 - Charles Trenet, French singer (b. 1913)
- 2008 - Teo Macero, American record producer and saxophonist.
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