Surname  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

A surname is a name added to a given name and is part of a personal name. In many cases, a surname is a family name; the family-name meaning of "surname" first appeared in 1375. Many dictionaries define "surname" as a synonym of "family name". In Western countries, it is also commonly known as a "last name," while in Hungary and in many countries of East Asia, the family name is placed before the individual's given name.

In some cultures, the surname may be a patronymic or matronymic. Some mononymous cultures, such as the Burmese, large populations of South Indians, and some Javanese, do not use surnames at all.

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Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Surname" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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