Fall of Granada  

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

The Battle of Granada was a siege of the city of Granada fought over a period of months leading up to its surrender on January 2, 1492. The city was captured by the combined forces of Aragon and Castile from the armies of the Muslim Emirate of Granada. This was the last outpost of the Islamic forces and its fall brought an end to 780 years of Muslim control in Islamic Iberia.

By the year 1250, the Catholic Reconquest of Iberia had extended to almost whole of the Iberian peninsula, leaving only the Emirate of Granada (also known as the Nasrid Kingdom of Granada) in the south-east corner of Andalucia.

In 1482 the Catholic Monarchs Ferdinand II of Aragon and Queen Isabella I of Castile embarked on a campaign against this Moorish territory and laid siege to its capital city, Granada. After several attempts to disperse the besiegers had been defeated, Emir Muhammad XII of Granada (King Boabdil) attempted to raise support from the Ottomans and the Islamic Marinid state in Morocco. He negotiated a four-month truce with the Spanish whereby he would surrender if no help was received by the expiry of the truce.

Only limited help came from the Ottomans and North Africa, and on the agreed date the city capitulated. The Treaty of Granada gave assurances to the Muslim and Jewish populations of the former Kingdom, but these were not respected. An uprising in 1500 was soon crushed; a much more widespread conflict from 1568 to 1571 led to the expulsion of almost all Moors from the former Kingdom to other regions of Spain.

Granada still celebrates the 2nd of January. The Fall of Granada would soon be followed by a wave of Spanish expansion into Northern Africa, starting with the Conquest of Melilla on the coast of Morocco in 1497.

See also

Granada War provides a much fuller account of these events.

Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Fall of Granada" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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