Extermination camp  

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Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel
Kunstformen der Natur (1904) by Ernst Haeckel

Extermination camps were one type of facility that the Nazis built before and during World War II for the systematic murder of millions of people in what has become known as the Holocaust. Extermination camps were built during a later phase of the program of annihilation, during the war period. Victims’ bodies were usually cremated or buried in mass graves. Groups the Nazis sought to exterminate were primarily the Jews and Roma (Gypsies), but also Soviet prisoners of war and certain segments of Poland’s population.

The majority of prisoners brought to extermination camps were not expected to survive more than 24 hours beyond arrival.

See also

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