From The Art and Popular Culture Encyclopedia
Exegesis (from the Greek 'to lead out') is a critical explanation or interpretation of a text, especially a religious text. Traditionally the term was used primarily for exegesis of the Bible; however, in contemporary usage it has broadened to mean a critical explanation of any text, and the term "Biblical exegesis" is used for greater specificity.
Exegesis includes a wide range of critical disciplines: textual criticism is the investigation into the history and origins of the text, but exegesis may include the study of the historical and cultural backgrounds for the author, the text, and the original audience. Other analysis includes classification of the type of literary genres present in the text, and an analysis of grammatical and syntactical features in the text itself.
The terms exegesis and hermeneutics have been used interchangeably. However, hermeneutics is a more widely defined discipline of interpretation theory: hermeneutics includes the entire framework of the interpretive process, encompassing all forms of communication: written, verbal and nonverbal, while exegesis focuses primarily on the written text.
- Allegory in the Middle Ages
- Biblical criticism
- Biblical hermeneutics
- Biblical studies
- Commentaries on the Bible
- Commentaries on the Bible: Christian
- Jewish commentaries on the Bible
- Higher criticism
- Pardes (Jewish exegesis)
- Typology (theology)
- Biblical software