Cinema of Europe  

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 This page Cinema of Europe is part of the European culture series.  Illustration: screen shot from L'arrivée d'un train en gare de La Ciotat
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This page Cinema of Europe is part of the European culture series.
Illustration: screen shot from L'arrivée d'un train en gare de La Ciotat

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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.
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Train wreck at Montparnasse (October 22, 1895) by Studio Lévy and Sons.

Cinema of Europe refers to the film industries and films produced in the continent of Europe. Auguste and Louis Lumière began cinema as a novelty; it led to the silent film era, a period where European cinema was a major commercial success, remaining so until Nazi Germany instigated the European War.

Notable European early film movements include German Expressionism (1920s), French Impressionist Cinema (1920s), Poetic realism (1930s), and Italian neorealism (1940s); it was a period now seen in retrospect as "The Other Hollywood".

Post World War II movements include French New Wave (1950s–60s), Polish Film School (1950s–60s), Czechoslovak New Wave (1960s), New German Cinema (1960s–80s), British New Wave (1950s–60s), and Novo Cinema (1960s–70s). The turn of the 21st century has seen movements such as Dogme 95, New French Extremity, and the Romanian New Wave.

A key difference with American cinema is that is has traditionally been government funded, and is still so to a considerable degree.


Contents

History

19th century

Antoine Lumière realized, on 28 December 1895, the first projection, with the Cinematograph, in Paris.

In 1897, Georges Méliès established the first cinema studio on a rooftop property in Montreuil, near Paris.

20th century

The European Film Academy was founded in 1988 to annually celebrating European cinema through the European Film Awards.

Philippe Binant realized, on 2 February 2000, the first digital cinema projection in Europe, with the DLP CINEMA technology developed by Texas Instruments, in Paris.

Europa Cinemas

Europa Cinemas was founded in 1992, funded by the European Union's MEDIA Programme, Euromed Audiovisual, the Council of Europe Eurimages fund, as well as support from France's Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs and National Center of Cinematography and the moving image.

Europa Cinemas is a network of over 1000 cinemas in 588 cities and 60 countries, providing support to cinemas that commit to the screening of European films; it is an effort increase the circulation of European cinema and facilitate international projects and co-operation between cinemas.

European film festivals

European film awards

See also

European New Wave, European popular cinema




Unless indicated otherwise, the text in this article is either based on Wikipedia article "Cinema of Europe" or another language Wikipedia page thereof used under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License; or on original research by Jahsonic and friends. See Art and Popular Culture's copyright notice.

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